Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Modeling approach to identify vulnerability of water resources to environmental changes. Application in the basin of the Kebir-Est River (El-Tarf region, Algeria)

Research Paper | March 1, 2018

| Download 4

Wahiba Boularouk, Sofiane Labar, Mohamed Mahia

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 3), 146-158, March 2018


JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Water resources evaluation in Kebir-East river slope basin is also an evaluation of this resources vulnerability facing environmental changes particularly climate change by water precipitation’s fluctuation which it is a large part of the earth. The aim of this project is to evaluate present and future water resources in two cases of climate changes: the first one is a case of flood and the second one is a case of drought. GIS techniques were used to quantify the spatial and temporal stream flow. The Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) model was applied to evaluate water resources development based on an equilibrium scenario of the current water demand and then two different future scenarios are simulated. Water use was simulated for five different sectors (domestic, livestock, wildlife, irrigation and reserve). The analyses revealed that the software WEAP’s application on Kebir-Est’s river basin allowed us to compare two scenarios. The first one is based on hydrologic year and the second on climate changes. So, climate change does not spare our study Kebir East River watershed. Indeed, for decades there has been an irregular rainfall in the region. This leads to reflect on the different situations that may be the population in the future. Thus, different scenarios indicate that the region would face water stress in the future while others suggest the opposite. In order to attain both economic and ecological sustainability, water requirements of various competing sectors in the Kébir East basin must be matched with the available water resources.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Modeling approach to identify vulnerability of water resources to environmental changes. Application in the basin of the Kebir-Est River (El-Tarf region, Algeria)

ABH. 2014. Agence de bassin hydrographique Constantinois-Seybouse-Mellegue, Déléguation Annaba, Schéma synoptique des transferts barrage Cheffia et barrage Mexa: différents champs captant. 3p.

Bartiromo A, Guignard G, Barone Lumaga MR, Barattolo F, Chiodini G, Avino R, Guerriero G, Barale G. 2013. The cuticle micromorphology of in situ Erica arborea L. exposed to long-term volcanic gases. Environ Exp Botany 87, 197-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.10.006

Benslimane F, Labar S, Djidel M, Hamilton CML, Djemai R. 2015. Assessing of Tonga Lake Water Quality in the coastal basin of Northeastern Algeria. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 6(3), 205-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.14299/ijser.2015.3

Bentouili MY. 2007. Inventaire et qualité des eaux des sources du parc national d’El Kala (N. Est Algérien). Magister thesis, Badji Mokhtar Annaba, university, Algeria, 134 p.

Bhave AG, Mittal N, Mishra A, Raghuwanshi NS. 2016. Integrated Assessment of no-Regret Climate Change Adaptation Options for Reservoir Catchment and Command Areas Water Resour Manage 30, 1001. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-015-1207-4.

Daifallah T, Hani A, Sayad M, Bouri S, Halimi S. 2017. Climate change and users pressures in Kebir-West River basin (North-Eastern Algeria), using the WEAP model Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES) 10(4), 19-26. www.innspub.net/jbes/water-resources-management-impact-climate-change-users-pressures-kebir-west-river-basin-north-eastern-algeria-using-weap-model/

GIEC. 2001. Bilan des changements climatiques : les éléments scientifiques, rapports  de synthèse, 3 ,97p.

GIEC. 2014. Bilan  des changements climatiques. Rapport de synthèse, 40p.

Guerriero G, Prins GS, Birch L, Ciarcia G. 2005. Neuro-distribution of androgen receptor immunoreactivity in the male frog, Rana esculenta. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1040, 332-336. www.dx.doi.org/10.1196 / annals.1327.054

Guerriero G, Ferro R, Russo GL, Ciarcia G. 2004. Vitamin E in early stages of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) development. Comp Biochem Phys A.  138(4), 435-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2004.06.003

Guerriero G, Di Finizio A, Ciarcia G. 2003. Oxidative Defenses in the Sea Bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. In: Dunn J. F., Swartz H.M. editors. Handbook of Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. ed. Springer. 530, 681-688 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0075-9_68

Jabrane M, Taiqui L. 2014. Approche et Actions pour la Résilience au Changement Climatique.   UICN,    Malaga, 40p.

Johnston R, Smakhtin V. 2014. Hydrological Modeling of Large river Basins: How Much is Enough. Water Resour Manage 28, 2695. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-014-0637-8

Kabirou MM. 2015. Approche de modélisation de la vulnérabilité des ressources en eaux aux changements climatiques. Application dans le bassin de l’oued Kébir-Est (Région d’El-Tarf, Algérie). Master thesis (Supervised by Prof. Labar S.), Chadli Bendjedid El-Tarf University, Algeria, 59 p.

Labar S. 2003. Contribution à l’identification des aires inondables et qualité physico-chimiques des eaux stagnantes temporaires dans la vallée de la Mafragh « Extrême Nord Est Algérien, Magister thesis, Badji Mokhtar Annaba, University, Algeria, 155 p.

Labar S, Hani A, Djabri L. 2012. Biochemical approach to assess groundwater pollution by petroleum hydrocarbons (case skikda Algeria). Journal of Water Resource and Protection 4(07), 493. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2012.47057

Labar S, Djidel M, Hamilton CML, Benslimane F, Hani A. 2013. Assessing Inorganic Pollution  in Ground Waters within an Agricultural Area of Northeastern Algeria. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 4(12), 1616-1620. http://dx.doi.org/10.14299/ijser.2013.12

MADR. 2014. Annuaire statistique du Ministère de l’Agriculture et du Développement Rural, MADR Algérie Série B, 77.

MATE. 2001. Elaboration de la stratégie et du plan d’action national des changements climatiques. Projet national alg/98/g31.

Medjani F, Zaidi CA, Labar S, Djidel M. 2016. Monitoring of Irrigation Water Quality from Bounamoussa River (Northeastern Algeria). International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 7(12), 1161-1165. http://dx.doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.14299/ijser.2016.12

Mutiga JK, Mavengano ST, Zhongbo S, Woldai T, Becht R. 2010.Water Allocation as a Planning Tool to Minimise Water Use Conflicts in the Upper Ewaso Ng’iro North Basin, Kenya. Water Resour Manage.  24, 3939. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-010-9641-9

Rakotondrabe F. 2007. « Étude de la vulnérabilité des ressources en eau aux changements climatiques, modélisation par le logiciel WEAP 21 : cas du bassin versant de Morondava (Sud-ouest de Madagascar). DEA thesis, Antananarivo University, 113 p.

Rodier J. 2009. L’analyse de l’eau ». 9 édition. Paris: CHIRAT, 1959, 1404-1405. Coll. Dunod, n°5789.

Sieber J, Purkey D. 2015. WEAP User guide, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), U.S. Center, Somerville, MA 02144 USA. 400p. www.weap21.org/downloads/WEAP_User_Guide.pdf

Tourki M. 2010. Étude de l’érosion et du transport solide dans le bassin versant de l’Oued Kébir Est Nord-Est Algérien, magister thesis, Badji Mokhtar Annaba, University, Algeria, 290 p.

Trocchia S, Labar S, Abdel Gawad FK, Rabbito D, Ciarcia G, Guerriero G. 2015. Frog Gonad as bio-indicator of Sarno River Health. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 6(1), 449-456. www.dx.doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.14299/ijser.2015.1

UNDP. 2009. Problématique du secteur de l’eau et impacts liés au climat en Algérie. 19 p.