Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Monitoring of physiochemical quality of drinking water in selected areas of Bahawalpur City, Pakistan

Research Paper | June 1, 2019

| Download 11

Muhammad Mohsin, Samira Safdar, Muhammad Nasar-u-Minallah, Abdur Rehman

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 6), 185-195, June 2019


JBES 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The quality of groundwater is rapidly deteriorating and becoming unfit for human use in developing countries like Pakistan. Therefore the present study was conducted in Bahawalpur City, Punjab, Pakistan with the main objective to analyze and monitor the water quality in selected sample areas of Bahawalpur City. In order to meet the objective of the study, water samples have been taken from selected five residential areas in Bahawalpur City i.e. Model Town A, Model Town B, Shahdrah, Satellite Town and Islami Colony and were tested in PCRWR regional laboratory. The findings of the study clarified that the quality of groundwater, the most common source of drinking water in Bahawalpur city is rapidly being deteriorated due to various intervening factors i.e. rapid population growth, waste disposal, seepage of toxic ingredients, etc. The physiochemical analysis of the water samples of selected sites show identifiable variations in various parameters and was compared with WHO and PSQCA drinking water standards. EC, Hardness, TDS, Calcium, Chloride, Potassium, Sodium, Sulfate and Nitrate were considerably above the permissible limits in Shahdrah, Satellite. Town and Islamic Colony. Similarly, Arsenic and iron contaminations were also high than the permissible limits. Therefore, the study suggests that prompt action is required from the district government to check the bad quality of drinking water. For regular, accessible and safe drinking water supply, the government should installed more filtration plants in the city’s congested areas. The collaboration of the public-private partnership should be encouraged to better water management and delivery services.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Monitoring of physiochemical quality of drinking water in selected areas of Bahawalpur City, Pakistan

Abbas S, Mashiatullah A, Javed A, Khan MS, Saleem S. 2014. Physicochemical and chemical quality of Mailsi City groundwater. The Nucleus 51(2), 199-205.

Aleem M, Shun CJ, Li C, Aslam AM, Yang W, Nawaz MI, Ahmed WS, Buttar NA. 2018. Evaluation of groundwater quality in the vicinity of Khurrianwala Industrial Zone, Pakistan. Water 10, 13-21 DOI: 10.3390/w10101321.

Ashraf S, Abbas F, Ibrahim M, Rashid U, Khalid S, Ahmad HR, Hakeem KR, Majeed T. 2015. Application of GIS for the identification and demarcation of selective heavy metal concentrations in the urban groundwater. Journal of Geographical Sciences 25(2), 225-235. DOI: 10.1007/s11442-015.

Baako H, Kwame AS, Awuah O, Mahama I, Obeng AS. 2018. Water quality appraisal in selected rivers at Atiwa Forest in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology 8(3), 1-7.

Chakraborti D. 2016. Is WHO guideline value of arsenic in drinking water 10 ppb in the developing countries safe to drink? Letter to Editor. BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 1(1), 57.

Farrukh RH, Qureshi NA. 2004. Assessment of drinking water quality of a coastal village of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 47(5), 370-375.

Hagras MA. 2013. Water quality assessment and hydrochemical characteristics of groundwater in Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences 16(2), 254-262.

Jiang J, Ashekuzzaman SM, Jiang A, Sharifuzzaman SM, Chowdhury SR. 2013. Arsenic Contaminated Groundwater and Its Treatment Options in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10(1), 18-46. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10010018

Kandhro AJ, Rind AM, Mastoi AA, Almani KF, Meghwar S, Laghari MA, Rajpout MS. 2015. Physico-Chemical Assessment of Surface and Ground Water for Drinking Purpose in Nawabshah City, Sindh, Pakistan. American Journal of Environmental Protection 4(1), 62-69.

Khalid S, Murtaza B, Shaheen I, Ahmad I, Ullah MI, Abbas T, Rehman F, Ashraf MR, Khalid S, Abbas S, Imran M. 2018. Assessment and public perception of drinking water quality and safety in district Vehari, Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Cleaner Production 181, 224-234.

Khan N, Hussain ST, Hussain J, Jamila N, Ahmed S, Ullah R, Ullah Z, Saboor A. 2012. Physiochemical evaluation of the drinking water sources from district Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 4(10), 302-313.

Khan N, Hussain ST, Saboor A, Jamila N, Kim KS. 2013. Physicochemical investigation of the drinking water sources from Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. International Journal of Physical Sciences 8(33), 1661-1671.

Khan S, Shahnaz M, Jehan N, Rehman S, Shah MT, Din I. 2013b. Drinking water quality and human health risk in Charsadda District, Pakistan. Journal of Cleaner Production 60, 93-101.

Malik MA, Azam M, Saboor A. 2010. Water quality status of Upper KPK and Northern Areas of Pakistan. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Water Resources Research Centre, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Mehmood K, Younas U, Iqbal S, Shaheen MA, Samad A, Hassan SI. 2012. Physicochemical profile of ground water in Bahawalpur City, Pakistan: Hazardous aspects. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 34(5), 13-17.

Memon M, Soomro MS, Akhtar MS, Memon KS. 2011. Drinking water quality assessment in Southern Sindh (Pakistan). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 177, 39-50.

Michael BF, Ashley RW, Mohammed FJ, George S, Robert ESB, Jamie KB. 2015. Microbiological and chemical quality of packaged sachet water and household stored drinking water in Freetown, Sierra Leone. PLoS One 10(7), 1-17.

Mohsin M, Safdar S, Asghar F, Jamal F. 2013. Assessment of drinking water quality and its impact on residents health in Bahawalpur City. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 3(15), 114-128.

Muhammad I, Anas F, Ahmad S. 2017. Determinants of safe drinking water supply in Nowshera District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. American Journal of Water Resources 5(3), 63-71.

Mumtaz A, Mirjat MS, Mangio HUR, Soomro A. 2017. Assessment of drinking water quality status and its impact on health in Tandojam City. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 13, 363-369.

Nabeela F, Azizullah A, Bibi R, Uzma S, Murad W, Shakir SK, Ullah W, Qasim M, Häder D. 2014. Microbial contamination of drinking water in Pakistan-a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21(24), 13929-13942. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3348-z

Onyango AE, Okoth MW, Kunyanga CN, Aliwa BO. 2018. Microbiological quality and contamination level of water sources in Isiolo County in Kenya. Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2018, Article ID 2139867, 10 pages.

Pak-EPA. 2008. National standards for drinking water quality. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA). Retrieved from http://www. environment. gov.pk/act-rules/DWQStd-MAY2007. pdf on 18 Apr, 2019.

PCRWR. 2002. Second Report 2001-2003. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR). Retrieved from http://www.pcrwr.gov.pk/Publications/ WaterQualitReports/NationalWaterQualityMonitoringProgram/waterqualitystatusinpakistanPhase-ii2001-2003.pdf on 18 March, 2017.

PCRWR. 2004. Third Report 2003-2004. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR). Retrieved from http://www.pcrwr.gov.pk/Publications/ Water Quality Reports/National Water Quality Monitoring Program/water quality status in Pakistan Phase-iii 2003-2004.pdf on 18 March, 2017.

Rao MVS, Rao VD, Andrews BSA. 2012. Assessment of quality of drinking water in Srikurmam in Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences 1(2), 13-20.

Rasheed H, Kay P, Slack R, Gong YY, Carter A. 2017. Human exposure assessment of different arsenic species in household water sources in a high risk arsenic area. Science of Total Environment 584, 631-641.

Safdar S, Mohsin M, Khan AA. 2014. Sustainable management of water supply in Bahawalpur City, Pakistan. European Academic Research 1(12), 5824-5850.

Sarhat AAR, Alshatteri AHA, Nori HJ. 2018. Assessment of Physicochemical Properties of Water in Bawashaswar Dam, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Diyala Journal for Pure Sciences 14(4), 54-65. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.24237/djps.1404.447C6i;iylhi9nl./pigb;/6.6;uui9i.l;,.,.9ui,kiu98cui9jfh

Shah MT, Ara J, Muhammad S, Khan S, Tariq S. 2012. Health risk assessment via surface water and sub-surface water consumption in the mafic and ultramafic terrain, Mohmand agency, northern Pakistan. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 118, 60-67.

Shankar S, Shanker, Shikha U. 2014. Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater: A Review of Sources, Prevalence, Health Risks, and Strategies for Mitigation. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, Article ID 304524: 18. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014.

Singh RP, Mathur P. 2005. Investigation of variations in physico-chemical characteristics of a fresh water reservoir of Ajmer city, Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Environmental Science 9(1), 57-61.

Taj L, Hussain S, Ali S, Farid M, Haq H, Habib U, Sajid S, Sharif N. 2013. Physico-chemical analysis of ground water contamination caused by industrial waste water in Faisalabad, Pakistan. International Journal of Plant Animal and Environmental Sciences 3, 140-146.

Tanwir F, Sabbor A, Shan HM. 2003. Water contamination, health hazards and public awareness: A case of the Urban Punjab. International Journal of Agricultural Biology 5, 460-462.

The Express Tribune. 2015. Development: 314 water filtration plants to be set. Retrieved from https:// tribune.com.pk /story/ 878892/ development -314-water- filtration-plants-to-be-set-up/ on 18 Apr, 2019.

Ullah R, Malik RN, Qadir A. 2009. Assessment of groundwater contamination in an industrial city, Sialkot, Pakistan. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 3(12), 429-446.

Zafar U, Mobeen M, Rahman G, Khan MA, Iqbal MJ. 2017. Assessment and analysis of groundwater reservoir suitability for drinking purpose using GIS based multi criteria decision approach, a case study of Faisalabad City. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 11(5), 1-11.