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Research Paper | January 1, 2019

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Monitoring water bound diseases in communities with WATSAN committees in Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana

Agyei-Ohemeng James, Aba Taylor Mabel, Issifu Aziiz, Twumasi Ankrah David

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.14(1), 266-270, January 2019

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Abstract

Empowering communities through the concept of community management of water and sanitation facilities equips them with managerial responsibilities on beneficiary communities in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. Five districts representing 22.7% out of the twenty-two were sampled, namely, Asutifi, Sunyani West, Tano North and Tano South Districts and Sunyani Municipal. A total of ninety-eight (98) communities were examined; Asutifi district having thirty-two (32) communities, Sunyani West seventeen (17), Tano North eighteen (18), Tano South fourteen (14) and Sunyani Municipal fifteen (15) communities, where water facilities were constructed between November 2011 to March 2012. The monitoring was undertaken from June to August 2017. The results indicated that among the five water bound diseases (Bilharzia, Guinea worm, Diarrhea, Round worm and Malaria), the incidence of Bilharzia, Guinea worm were completely not recorded at their nearby health facilities. However, incidences of diarrhea (30%), round worm (20%) and malaria (44%) were recorded in communities from their health facilities. The incidences of diarrhea among children were high (45%) across the sampled communities and women (35%) and males (20%). Recorded round worm infection among children were higher at the health facilities (60%), Females or women (30%) and males (10%). Malaria also recorded high incidences among children (55%), women (30%) and (15%) among the males. The monitoring has proved that availability water facilities in communities help to reduce incidence of water bound diseases in communities with functioning WATSANs.

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Monitoring water bound diseases in communities with WATSAN committees in Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana

Agyei-Ohemeng J, Mabel, Taylor and Aziiz Issifu A. 2017. “Water and Sanitation in Rural Communities: The role of women in the Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana”. International Journal of Innovative Research, Millennium Development Goals, target 7: Ensuring environmental sustainability; halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water from http://www.undp.org/mdg/goal 7 .shtml.

Ahmed, SA. 2008. “Community Led Total Sanitation in Bangladesh: Chronicles of a People’s Movement” Archived 27 February 2015 at the Way Back Machine. IDS Conference Paper Accessed 2015-02-27 “The CLTS approach”. Community-Led Total Sanitation. 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015.

Kamal Kar’s Trainers’ Training Guide on Community-Led Total Sanitation CLTS. 2010. published by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC). Partner organization information, education and communication services for rural water supply and sanitation in Brong Ahafo Region reports by Social Development and Improvement Agency (SODIA) (2010-2012) to Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) contract number- CWSA/BAR/AFD/PO/2010/02-LOT2.

Watsan Hand Book. 2011. Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) (Ghana). World Bank: Water, Sanitation and Gender equality: Gender and Development Briefing Notes: http://siteresources. worldbank.org/INTGENDER/Resources/watersan.

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