Morphological and physiological changes of aloe (Aloe barbadensis Miller.) in response to culture media

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Research Paper 01/06/2015
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Morphological and physiological changes of aloe (Aloe barbadensis Miller.) in response to culture media

Amir Foroutan Nia, Abohassan Farhang Sardrodi, Mohammad Mehdi Habibi, Sanaz Bahman
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6( 6), 100-105, June 2015.
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Aloe is a plant of the family Liliaceae, with fleshy leaves and filled with gel containing health care costs are enormous and are used in the treatment of many diseases. To investigate the effects of culture media on morphological and physiological parameters of Aloe (Aloe barbadensis Miller.) plants, an experiment on the basis of randomized complete blocks design with 13 treatment and 4 replications was conducted in 2013. The treatments were components of manure, sand, peat, pumice, tea wastes and rice husks in two level (25% and 50%) with soil in two level (50% and 75%). Effect of culture media was significant on all of parameters except for leaf diameter and total suspended solid (TSS). Results showed that the most number of leaves per plant (13 leaves.plant-1) and root weight (41g.plant-1) in medium of 25% pumice + 75% soil, the most leaf width (3.4 cm) with 25% peat + 75% soil, the maximum offset weight (65.5 g.plant-1), gel weight (257.2 g.plant-1) and weight of plant aerial parts (547.5 g.plant-1) in treatment of 50% pumice + 50% soil and the highest number of offset per plant (3.25 offset.plant-1) with application of 25% tea wastes + 75% soil was attained. The best treatments to increase the morphological and physiological parameters are components of pumice, peat and tea wastes in combination with soil because of higher amount of organic carbon and cation exchange capacity and proper pH of the media.


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