Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Morphological characterization and diversity analysis of some selected aromatic rice genotypes in Bangladesh

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

| Download 7

K.K. Bashar, N.A. Ivy, M.A.K. Mian, K.M. Iftekharuddaula, M.A. Hoque

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.8( 4), 196-208, April 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The improvement of aromatic rice genotypes requires proper characterization of its existing germplasm. For this purpose, twenty four (nineteen aromatic and five non-aromatic fine) rice genotypes were evaluated for twenty qualitative and sixteen quantitative traits at morphological level to identify the suitable genotypes for future hybridization program at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University. All the genotypes produced same scores in the data for eight qualitative characters viz. blade colour, leaf sheath: anthocyanin colour, ligule colour, ligule shape, auricle colour, collar colour, anthocyanin coloration of nodes and stigma colour. Differences were found in the genotypes studied for rest of the qualitative characteristics. The analysis of variance indicated the existence of highly significant variability for all the characters studied. All the genotypes made seven clusters. The highest intra-cluster distance was computed for cluster I (0.75), composed of five genotypes followed by the cluster V (0.72) composed of five genotypes. Only one genotype viz. Jhingasail belonged to the cluster IV which had intra-cluster distance 0.00, indicated that this genotype was genetically diversed from other genotypes. The inter-cluster distance was the highest (19.26) between cluster III and V followed by the 17.30 between cluster II and cluster VI and the lowest distance (2.63) was obtained between cluster I and cluster III. Considering the magnitude of genetic distances the cross combination Chinigura and Jhingasail, Basmati 107 and (Jhingasail, Rong-er-gura, Kalijira, Rasmala and Chinisagor), Basmati naret and (Rasmala, Rong-er-gura and Kalijira) and Kataribhog and Chinisagor might be selected for future hybridization program.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Morphological characterization and diversity analysis of some selected aromatic rice genotypes in Bangladesh

Anderson E. 1957. A Semigraphical method for the analysis of complex problems. Proceedings of National Academy of Science. Washington, United States of America, 48, 923- 927.

Ghaderi A, Shisegar M, Rejai A, Ehdaie B. 1979. Multivariate analysis of genetic diversity for yield and its components in mungbean. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science104, 728-731.

Ghalain SS. 2006. Genetic divergence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes grown in Kamaun Himalaya. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 66, 37- 38.

Golam F, Hui Yin Y, Masitah A, Afnierna N, Majid NA, Khalid N, Osman M. 2011. Analysis of aroma and yield components of aromatic rice in Malaysian trpoical environment. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5, 1318- 1325.

Hien NL, Sarhadi WA, Hirata Y, Oikawa Y, Hirata Y. 2007. Genetic diversity of morphological responses and the relationships among Asia aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. Tropics 16, 343- 355.

Hooker JD. 1979. The flora of British India. vol. 2L. Reeve Co. Kent, England, 25.

Hossain Z. 2008. Genetic diversity for morpho-physiochemical characters and microsatellite DNA markers in fine grain and aromatic landraces of rice (Oryza sativa L.). PhD thesis, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Islam MS. 2011. Characterization of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm through morphological, biochemical and molecular techniques. PhD thesis, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Juliano BO, Duff D. 1991. Rice grain quality as an emerging priority in National rice breeding programmes. In: rice grain marketing and quality issues. Los Banos, Laguna, IRRI, 55- 64.

Kovach MJ, Calingacion MN, Fitzgerald MA, McCouch SR. 2009. The origin and evolution of fragrance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences. United States of America106, 14444- 14449.

Li X, Yan W, Agrama H, Hu B, Jia L, Jia M, Jacks on A, Moldenhauer K, McClung A, Wu D. 2010. Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of genetic differentiation and diversity in the USDA rice mini-core collection. Genetica 138, 1221- 1230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-010-95215

Mathure S, Jawali N, Nadaf A. 2010. Diversity analysis in selected non-basmati scented rice collection (Oryza sativa L.). Rice Science 17, 35- 42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1672-6308(08)60102-X.

Mathure S, Shaikh A, Renuka N, Wakte K, Jawali N, Thengane R, Nadaf A. 2011. Characterisation of aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm and correlation between their agronomic and quality traits. Euphytica 179, 237–246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-010-0294-9.

Morishima H. 1984. Wild plant and demonstration in biology of rice. Japan Scientific Society Press, Tokyo, 3-30.

Naik D, Sao A, Sarawgi AK, Singh P. 2006. Genetic divergence studies in some indigenous scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions of Central India. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 5, 197- 200.

Nayak AR, Reddy JN, Pattnaik AK. 2002. Quality evaluation of some Thailand and Vietnam scented rice. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 15, 125- 127.

Parikh M, Motiramani NK, Pastogi NK, Sharma B. 2012. Agro-Morphological characterization and assessment of variability in aromatic rice germplasm. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 37, 1- 8.

Rao CR. 1952. Advance Statistical Methods in Biometrical Research. A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Hafner press. New York, United States of America.

Ray A, Deb D, Ray R, Chattopadhayay B. 2013. Phenotypic characters of rice landraces reveal independent lineages of short-grain aromatic indica rice. AoB Plants, 5, plt032. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plt03.2

Sarawgi AK, Parikh M, Sharma B. 2012. Morphological and quality characterization of dubraj group from aromatic rice germplasm of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. Vegetos- An International Journal of Plant Research25, 387- 394.

Singh RK, Gautam PL, Saxena S, Singh S. 2000a. Scented rice germplasm: conservation, valuation and utilization. In: Singh RK, Singh US, Khush CS (eds) Aromatic rices. Kalyani publisher, New Delhi, India, 107- 133.

Singh RK, Singh US, Khush GS, Rohilla R, Singh JP, Singh G, Shekhar KS. 2000b. Small and medium grained aromatic rices of India. In: RK Singh, US Singh, CS Khush (eds) Aromatic rices. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India, 155- 177.