Morphological study of adult female Aedes species from the Amravati District of Maharashtra and its role as a vector

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Research Paper 01/07/2014
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Morphological study of adult female Aedes species from the Amravati District of Maharashtra and its role as a vector

Hemlata Pradeep Nandurkar
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 97-104, July 2014.
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Abstract

Amravati is a major district from Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. This tropical region shows extreme cold and extreme high temperatures during winter and summer seasons. The temperature reaches beyond a level of 45oC with lot of humidity during summer season. This climate favors to flourish mosquitoes breeding and in turn invites various mosquito borne diseases. Mosquito plays an important role in transmission of various diseases. Mosquitoes transmit diseases like Malaria, Filaria, Dengue Chikungunya (CHIK), Japanese Encephalitis and many more leading towards huge economic loss throughout the world. As Vidarbha is basically a tropical region where temperature. National Vector borne Disease Control Programme is based on the pioneer step of identification of mosquitoes to control mosquito borne diseases. Entomological surveillance for dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is used to evaluate control programmes. Presence of Aedes (Ae.) aegypti spells the risk of DF/CHIK outbreaks in the area, its population prevalence is of importance for long-term vector control and disease prevention. Aedes can be easily identified due to white and black bands on the body as well as legs, but the species involved in transmission of different Aedes borne diseases need proper identification. A total of 111 species of Aedes were recorded In India. Two major species of Aedes recorded in the area are Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus as vectors.

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