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Morphometric life stages of a lemon butterfly, Papilio demoleus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) on Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck

Wali Muhammad Mangrio, Hakim Ali Sahito

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Int. J. Biosci.18(5), 188-199, May 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.5.188-199


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This research was aimed to evaluate the morphometric study of Papilio demoleus (L.). The adult’s collection was made from lemon orchards surrounding of Moro, Naushahro Feroze, Bhiria, Kandiaro, and Mehrabpur talukas of the district; Naushahro Feroze and brought under laboratory conditions during 2019. The paired male and female were released inside the mosquito net for copulation and oviposition by given fresh shoots of lemon. The average diameter of eggs was observed (0.02)cm, and the overall maximum mean length of instars form 1st (0.06), 2nd (0.78), 3rd (2.07), 4th (3.29), 5th (4.13) incm, pre-pupae (2.43), pupae (2.06) and post-pupae (2.05) incm. While as; maximum width of instars recorded at 1st (0.02), 2nd (0.02), 3rd (0.04), 4th (0.17) 5th (0.05)cm, pre-pupae at (0.05), pupae (0.06) and post-pupae (0.05)cm. However, the length and width of adults male and female eyes measured at (0.03), (0.04), head capsule (0.05), (0.07), thorax (0.06), (0.48), abdomen (0.48), (0.57), forewings (2.48), (2.87), hindwings (1.68), (2.17), antennae (0.98), jointed legs (1.43), (1.75) incm respectively. It was concluded from first to fourth-stage larvae possess little difference in morphometrics but the fifth instar found almost change. Generally, females found larger than male and tornal spots on hind wings marks the male and female identification. Findings suggest that Papilio demoleus larval stages surviving as destructive agents for lemon orchards and causing massive economic losses to lemon growers of this region. Therefore; intensive attention is needed to manage this citrus plague pest insect through IPM environment-friendly techniques to secure this fruit industry for upcoming.


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