Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Multivariate analysis of the ecological data of natural vegetation of Lahore district

Research Paper | January 1, 2015

| Download 11

Arifa Zereen, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad, Andleeb Anwar Sardar, Zaheer-Ud-Din Khan, Muhammad Nawaz

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 1), 69-76, January 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


A study of vegetation and different parameters of soil and water of Lahore District was carried out in this investigation. Vegetation data was evaluated by using multivariate analysis methods i.e., Tow-way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA). About seventy eight species belonging to thirty seven families were recorded from forty quadrats in Lahore district. Two major (plant associations) and six sub plant communities (sub associations) were recognized in the study area. The study also considered the relationship of vegetation structure to certain environmental aspects. This relationship was determined by CANOCO analysis. The distribution of plant species with respect to environmental variables indicated that water pH, soil EC, water content and water table showed a great influence upon species distribution. This study also gives useful information to protect and improve the present vegetation cover for conservation of local flora.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Multivariate analysis of the ecological data of natural vegetation of Lahore district

Ahmad SS, Erum S, Khan SM. and Nawaz M. 2014. An appraisal of ecological distribution of herbaceous flora at Changa Manga Park Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46, 19-25.

Ahmad SS, Fazal S, Valeem EE, Khan ZI Sarwar G. and Iqbal Z. 2009. Evaluation of ecological aspects of roadside vegetation around Havalian city using multivariate techniques. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(1), 53- 60.

Ahmad SS. and Quratulann. 2011a. Vegetation classification in Ayubia National Park, Pakistan using ordination methods. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(5), 2315-2321.

Ahmad SS. and Quratulann. 2011b. Exploring the vegetation dynamics and community assemblage in Ayubia National Park, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, using CCA. Biodiversity Journal 2(3), 115-120.

Ahmad SS, Wahid A. and Akbar KF. 2010. Multivariate classification and data analysis of vegetation along motorway (M-2), Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 1173-1185.

Ahmad SS. and Yasmin T. 2011. Vegetation classification along Hanna Lake, Baluchistan using ordination techniques. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 863- 872.

Ali SI. and Nasir YJ. (Eds.). 1990- 92. Flora of Pakistan. Nos. 191-193. Department of Botany, University of Karachi and National Herbarium, PARC, Islamabad.

Ali SI. and Qaiser M. (Eds.). 1992- 2010. Flora of Pakistan. Nos. 194-208. Department of Botany, University of Karachi and National Herbarium,PARC, Islamabad.

Allen SE.  1989.  Chemical  Analysis  of  Ecological Materials. (Second Ed.) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 368.

Antoine G. and Niklaus EZ. 2000. Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology. Ecological Modeling 135, 147–186.

Glenn M, Robert E, Brain H, David RF, Jonathan H. and Dana M. 2002. Vegetation variation across Cape Cod, Massachusetts: environmental and historical determinants, Journal of Biogeography 29, 1439-1454.

Hill MO. 1979. TWINSPAN, A FORTAN program for arranging multivariate data in an ordered two-way table by classification of the individuals and the attributes. Cornell University, Department of Ecology and Systematic, Ithaca, New York.

Jackson LE. 2003. The relationship of urban design to human health and condition. Landscape and Urban Planning 64, 191-200.

Jim CY. 2000. The urban forest programme in the heavily built up milieu of Hong Kong. Cities 17, 271-283.

Kashian  DM,  Barnes  BV.  and  Walker  WS. 2003. Ecological species groups of land form- level ecosystems dominated by Jack Pine in northern Lower Michigan, USA. Plant Ecology 166, 75-91.

Kent M. and Coker P. 1995. Vegetation description and analysis. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Martin AC, Zim HS. and Nelson AL. 1951. American wild life and plants: A guide to wild life food habitats. Dover Publications, New York.

Nasir E and Ali SI. (Edit.) 1970-89. Flora of Pakistan. No. 1-190. National Herbarium, PARC,Islamabad and Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Pakistan.

Nasir YJ. and Rafique RA. 1995. Wild Flowers of Pakistan. T. J. Roberts, Oxford University Press, Karachi.

Tamartash R, Yousefian M, Tatian M.R. and Ehsani M. 2010. Vegetation analysis in rangelands of Lasem, Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 7(4), 397-401. www.holistic-herbalist.com/terminalia-arjuna-3.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyperus_rotundus www.tncweed.ucdavis.edu/esodocs.documents.html    www.survivaliq.com.index  www.himalayahealthcare.com/herbfinder/h_datura.htm   http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/UQCentenary/k ey/UQ_Centenary/Media/Html/malvaparviflora.htm