Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 15, 2022

VIEWS 52
| Download 16

Municipal solid waste generation rate and chemical analysis in Hadero Town, Southern Ethiopia

Tesfahun Ameno, Abebe Aschalew, Rejila Manikandan

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(5), 64-71, November 2022

Certification:

JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Solid waste is generated hastily and created lots of complications in developing countries like Ethiopia. If solid waste is not managed properly, it will certainly have a negative impact on sustainable living style, local environment, and human health. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the solid waste generation rate, physico-chemical characterization, and heavy metal concentration of municipal solid waste in the study area. To achieve the objective, a cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used, and multi-stage sampling methods were employed. Primary data were gathered from 141 respondents through questionnaires and interviews, and observations were also used for waste characterization. The study showed that the Hadero town generated 0.09, 0.14, and 0.16kg/capita/day based on the low, middle and higher income respectively. The average solid waste generation rate of the present study area was 0.13kg/capita/day. The study revealed that in the town the daily total solid waste generation was 5825.43kg and the annual total generation of solid waste was 2126281.95kg. The pH and EC values were 5.82, and 2.42ds/m respectively in the study area. Moreover, the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content of the solid waste sample were 1.35%, 0.223%, and 0.923%, respectively. The results revealed that the highest proportion of heavy metals such as Fe (1812.7mg/kg) followed by Mn (1072.7mg/kg) and Zn (448.92mg/kg) was recorded in the study area. The least heavy metal in municipal solid waste is Cd (2.92mg/kg).

VIEWS 52

Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Municipal solid waste generation rate and chemical analysis in Hadero Town, Southern Ethiopia

Alemayehu T, Lemma W, Lisane WN. 2016. Environmentally hazardous heavy metals at municipal solid waste dumping sites in Harar City, Harari Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology 6, 2570-2580.

Bermal MP, Paredes C, Sanchez-Monedero MA, Cegarra J. 1998. Maturity and Stability Parameters of Composts Prepared with a Wide Range of Organic Waste. Bioresource Technology 63(1), 91-99.

Bordna Mona. 2003. Compost Testing and Analysis Service Interpretation of Results, Available from Bordna Mona, Newbridge, Co. Kildare.

Cochran G. 1977. Sampling Techniques, 3rd edition, Wiley Series in Productivity and Applied Mathematical Statistics New York, USA.

Cointreau LS, Coad A. 2000. Guidance Pack Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste: Part I. Executive Overview, SKAT-Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management, Switzerland.

Endalu L, Habtom T. 2014. Characterization and disposal of municipal solid waste, case study, Hosanna town. American Journal of Environmental Engineering 4, 162-168.

Fobil JN. 2000. Municipal Solid Waste Characterization for Integrated Management in the Accra Metropolis M.Sc. Thesis, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra.

Gebrie K. 2009. Management of Domestic Solid Waste in Bahirdar Town. Operational Analysis and Assessment of Constraints that Affect Solid Waste Management, Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

Hoornweg D, Bhada-Tata P. 2012. What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management World Bank, Washington D. C 116 pp.

Perez GB, Colon SS, Garmendia MA, Villareal AD, Elena MSS. 2008. Solid Waste Characterization Study in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Zone, Mexico. Waste Management Research 19, 413-424.

Report for Uganda. 2006/2007. Kampala, National Environment Management Authority. 11. Ngoc N.U. and Schnitzer H. 2009. Sustainable Solutions for Solid Waste Management in South East Asian Countries, Waste Management 29, 1982-1995.

Rushbrook P, Pugh M. 1999. Solid Waste Landfills in Middle and Lower Income Countries. A Technical Guide to Planning Design and Operation World Bank Technical Paper No.426, the World Bank Washington DC.

Sharholy M, Ahmed K, Vaishya RC, Gupta RD. 2007. Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics and Management in Alahabad, India. Journal of Waste Management 27, 490-496.

Sharma AK, Gupta DP. 2006. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of MSW of Bhopal City. A Case Study. Journal of Pollution Research 25(4), 871-876.

Sivapalan K, Muhd Noor MY, Abd Halims S, Kamurazzaman S, Rakmi AR. 2002. Comprehensive Characteristics of the MSW Generated in Kuala Lumpur. In Proceeding of the Regional Symposium on Environment and Natural Resources (I), 359-368, 10-11th April 2018, Hotel Renaissance, Malaysia.

Tchobanoglous, George, Theisen H, Eliassen R. 1977. Solid Waste Engineering Principles and Management Issues McGraw-Hill Kogaluc, Tokyo.

Tondon HLS. 2005. Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Water, Fertilizers and Organic Manures. Fertilizers Development and Consultation Organization. India.

Trivedi RK, Goel PK. 1984. Chemical and Biological Method for Water Pollution Studies. Karad. Enviromental publication 1-22

Tyagi V, Fantaw S, Sharma HR. 2014. Municipal Solid Waste Management of Debre Berhan City of Ethiopia. Urban Management and Climate Change Department, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 4, No.5.

UNESC (United Nations Economic and Social Council). 2009. Africa Review Report on Waste Management Committee on Food Security and Sustainable Development Regional Implementation Meeting for CSD18 Sixth Session 27-30 October 2009 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background