Nasal carriage of common bacterial pathogens among healthy children of proximal residence to dumpsites

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2018
Views (282) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Nasal carriage of common bacterial pathogens among healthy children of proximal residence to dumpsites

Leonell Albert L. Quitos, Lucilyn L. Maratas
Int. J. Biosci.13( 2), 36-41, August 2018.
Certificate: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The human nasal microbiota plays an important role in the health of the hosts including the proper functioning of the immune system, nutrition and resistance to infections. This study was conducted to gain knowledge on the nasal microbiota of healthy children who are constantly exposed to open dumps. Nasal swab cultures were taken from 124 healthy asymptomatic children with mean age of 7.7 years, who were living near open dumpsites. There was an average of 142 colony forming units per swab (CFU/swab) from all nasal swab culture plates. The isolated bacterial strains were characterized by colonial, cellular and morphological properties and were subjected to series of biochemical tests. These are the presumptively identified isolates from the nasal swab cultures, in which some are potentially pathogenic: Staphylococcus aureus (69), Mycobacterium sp. (37), Corynebacterium sp. (26), Lactobacillus sp. (22), Bacillus sp. (21), coagulase negative staphylococci (7), E. coli (1) and G- non E. coli (3).

VIEWS 12

Agarwal R. 2004. Children: Hidden Population Under Threat. Regional Health Forum 7, 1.

Bomar L, Brugger SD, Lemon KP. 2018. Bacterial microbiota of the nasal passages across the span of human life. Current Opinion in Microbiology 41, 8–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mib.2017.10.023.

Gluck U, Gebbers JO. 2003. Ingested probiotics reduce nasal colonization with pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and β-hemolytic streptococci). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 7(2), 517-520.

Hunt C. 1996. Child waste pickers of India: the occupation and its health risks. Environment and Urbanization 8(2), 111-118.

Kardar SS. 2005. Antibiotic Resistance: New Approaches to a Historical Problem. American Institute of Biological Sciences. http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotechnology/kardar.html

Kuehnert MJ, Kruszon-Moran D, Hill HA, McQuillan G, McAllister SK, Fosheim G, McDougal LK, Chaitram J, Jensen B, Fridkin SK, Killgore G, Tenover FC. 2006. Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization in United States, 2001-2002. Journal of Infectious Diseases 193(2), 172-179.

Lewis R. 2003. The Rise of Antibiotic-Resistant Infections. United States of America  Food and Drug Administration.  https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1332/a1f21271ebfdc97543b16881f183f338afb7.pdf

Todar K. 2002. The Bacterial Flora of Humans. Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology. http://textbookofbacteriology.net/normalflora.html

Uehara Y, Nakama H, Agematsu K, Uchida M, Kawakami Y, Abdul Fattah AS, Maruchi N. 2000. Bacterial interference among nasal inhabitants: eradication of Staphylococcus aureus from nasal cavities by artificial implantation of Corynebacterium sp. 44(2), 127-133.