Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.4(4), 20-27, April 2014
This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of the application of 15NH4Cl (1.0 atom %) and 13C-U-glucose (99.8 atom %) on the nitrogen and carbon uptake by 12 different rice cultivars. Chemical nitrogen fertilizer and glucose was applied at a rate of 100 kg N ha−1 and 40 mg kg −1 soil, respectively. The ratio of 13C and 15N to the total C and N content of samples was calculated. The results showed that, N uptake derived by chemical fertilizer application to the rice cultivars exhibited significant differences. The rice cultivars recovered about 48.1-66.2% of applied chemical fertilizer and the amount of 15N taken up by rice grain was higher than that of straw and roots. A high recovery percentage of glucose-carbon was observed with cultivars Jucar, Sakha-104, and Koshihikari rice cultivars. The application of 13C-U-glucose permitted a rough estimation of the minimal contribution of intact glucose molecules to glucose derived 13C acquisition by rice cultivars. The results showed that in all cultivars, the 13C uptake from the glucose by the root accounted for not more than 2.06% of total C uptake by the plants, however, the contribution of the rice roots to C uptake was significantly different (P > 0.05) among the 12 studied rice cultivars.
Bergman I, Lundberg P, Nilsson M. 1999. Microbial carbon mineralization in an acid surface peat: effects of environmental factors in laboratory incubations. Soil Biol Biochem 31, 1867-1877.
Eagle AJ, Bird JA, Hill J, Horwarth WR, Kessel C. 2001. Nitrogen dynamics and fertilizer N use efficiency in rice following straw incorporation and winter flooding. Agronomy Journal 93, 1346-1354.
Ebid A, Ueno H, Ghoneim A, Asagi N. 2007. Uptake of carbon and nitrogen through rice root from 13C and 15N dual-labeled maize residues compost. International Journal of Biochemistry 1, 75-83.
Ebid A, Ueno H, Ghoneim A, Asagi N. 2008. Uptake of Carbon and nitrogen derived from carbon-13 and nitrogen-15 dual-labeled maize residue compost applied to radish, komatsuna, and chingensai for three consecutive croppings. Plant Soil 304, 241-248.
Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1996. Particle Size Analysis, 3th Ed. In: Methods of soil Analysis. Part 1: Physical and Mineralogical Methods, S.S.S.A. and American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, 377-382 p.
Ghoneim A. 2008. Impact of 15N-labeled rice straw and rice straw compost application on N mineralization and N uptake by rice. International Journal of Plant Production, 2(4), 289-296.
Ghoneim AM, Ueno H, Asagi N, Takeshi W. 2012. Indirect 15N isotope techniques for estimating N dynamics and N uptake by rice from poultry manure and sewage sludge. Asian Journal of Earth Sciences 5 (2), 63-69.
Jones DL, Hodhe A, Kuzyakov Y. 2004a. Plant and mycorrhizal regulation of rhizodeposition. New Phytologist 163, 459-480.
Jones DL, Kielland K. 2002. Soil amino acid turnover dominates the nitrogen flux in permafrost-dominated taiga forest soils. Soil Biology& Biochemistry 34, 209-219.
Jones DL, Shannon D, Murphy DV, Farra J. 2004b. Role of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in soil N cycling in grassland soils. Soil Biology& Biochemistry 36, 749-756.
Jones DL. 1999. Amino acid degradation and its potential effects on organic nitrogen capture by plants. Soil Biochemistry 31, 613-622.
Kotsyurbenko OR, Nozhevnikova AN, Soloviova TI, Zavarzin GA. 1996. Methanogenesis at low temperatures by microflora of tundra wetland soil. Antonie Leeuwenhoek 69, 75-86.
Kuzyakov Y, Jones DL. 2006. Glucose uptake by maize roots and its transformation in the rhizosphere. Soil Biology& Biochemistry 38, 851-860.
Kuzyakov Y. 2002. Review: factors affecting rhizosphere priming effects. Japanese Plant Nutrition and Soil Sciences 165, 382-396.
Lovley DR, Klug MJ. 1982. Intermediary metabolism of organic matter in the sediments of a eutophic lake. Applied Environment Microbiology 43, 552-560.
Lu Y, Wassmann R, Neue HU, Huang C, Bueno CS. 2000. Methanogenic responses to exogenous substrates in anaerobic rice soils. Soil Biology& Biochemistry 32, 1683–1690.
Matsumoto SA, Yamagata M. 2000. Possible direct uptake of organic nitrogen from soil by Chingensai (Brassica campestris L.) and carrot (Daucus carota L.). Soil Biology& Biochemistry 32, 1301-1310.
Näsholm T, Ekbladm A, Nordin A. Giesler R, Högberg M, Högberg P. 1998. Boreal forest plant take up organic N. Nature 392, 914-916.
Nguyen C. 2003. Rhizodeposition of organic C by plants: mechanisms and controls. Agronomie 23, 375–396.
Persson J, Högberg P, Ekblad A, Högberg MN, Nordgren A, Näsholm T. 2003. Nitrogen acquisition from inorganic and organic sources by boreal forest pants in the field. Oecologia 137, 252-257.
Sparks DL.1996. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods. SSSA Book Ser. 5. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.
Sugimoto A, Wada E. 1993. Carbon isotopic composition of bacterial methane i-n a soil incubation experiment: contribution of acetate and CO2/ H2. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 57, 4015-4027.
Tabatabai MA. 1996. Sulfur. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3. Chemical Methods (Sparks, D. L et al., Ed). 921-960, SSSA Book Ser. 5. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.
Watanabe I. 1984. Anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in flooded rice soil, p. 237-258. In Organic matter and rice. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines.
Xia J, Saglio PH. 1988. Characterization of the hexose transport system in maize root tips. Plant Physiology 88, 1015-1020.
Xu Xl, Ouyang H, Cao GM, Pei ZY, Zhou CP. 2004. Uptake of organic nitrogen by eight dominant plant species in Kobreasia meadows. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 69, 5-10.
Yamamuro S, Ueno H, Yamada H, Takahashi Y, Shiga Y, Miyahara S, Shimonihara T, Murase J, Yana, J, Nishida M. 2002. Uptake of carbon and nitrogen through roots of rice and corn plants, grown in soils treated with 13C and 15N dual-labeled cattle manure compost. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 48, 787-795.