Nutrition education and homestead food production in the context of dietary intake in Bangladeshi school-going children

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2019
Views (333) Download (18)

Nutrition education and homestead food production in the context of dietary intake in Bangladeshi school-going children

Sonia Zebsyn, M. Akheruzzaman, A.K. Obidul Huq, Md. Aminul Haque Bhuyan
Int. J. Biosci.15( 1), 199-207, July 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Nutrition education and inputs of some homestead food production in school-going children can improve the household food security. Thus, an intervention study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of nutrition education alone and nutrition education supported with homestead food production interventions on dietary pattern and nutrient intake among selected rural secondary school students in Bangladesh.  A total number of 1214 students were divided into three groups. Group-1 (n=406) was received only nutrition education, group-2 (n=400) was received both nutrition education and some inputs of homestead production. These two groups were compared with other control group (n=408) who doesn’t receive any intervention. Dietary data were collected by 24-hours recall method and seven days’ food frequency questionnaire at both baseline and after six months. At baseline survey, individual dietary diversity score of group 1, 2 and 3 were 5.29±0.87, 4.97±0.97 and 5.38±0.95 respectively. After six months’ intervention, study group 2 were found to have better dietary diversity score 5.65±0.94 (p = 0.000) compared to others. In group 2, dietary consumption of fruits and vegetables, egg and milk & milk products were increased significantly (p = 0.000) compared to others. Most of the participants of all groups were inadequate in terms of macro and micronutrients intakes compared to their dietary requirements. There was a significant improvement in dietary diversity score and dietary intake of students in study group 2, which implies that nutrition education along with homestead food production can be a sustainable and affordable strategy to improve dietary diversity.


Ahmed F, Zareen M, Khan MR, Banu CP, Haq MN, Jackson AA. 1998. Dietary pattern, nutrient intake and growth of adolescent school girls in urban Bangladesh. Public Health Nutrition 1(2), 83-92.

Ali SMK, Pramanik MMA. 1991. Conversion factors and dietary calculation. Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1, 5-31.

Burlingame B, Nishida C, Uauy R, Weisell R. 2009. Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition: introduction. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 55(1-3), 5-7.

Chang HS, Kim MJ. 2006. The study on dietary behaviors of elementary school student in Chungnam area according to the school food service type, gender and grade. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 11(5), 608-617.

Hasan SS, Sultana S. 2011. Food and economic security through homestead vegetable production by women in flood affected char land. The Agriculturists, 9(1-2), 44-53.

World Health Organization. 2007. Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition: report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. WHO Technical Report Series, 935.

Kabir Y, Shahjalal HM, Saleh F, Obaid W. 2010. Dietary pattern, nutritional status, anaemia and anaemia-related knowledge in urban adolescent college girls of Bangladesh. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 60(8), 633.

Kumari S. 2016. Impact of Nutritional Education on Nutrient Adequacy of High School Children studying in Kendriya Vidyalaya Gannipur, Muzaffarpur, PhD Thesis, Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India.

Naghashpour M, Shakerinejad G, Lourizadeh MR, Hajinajaf S, Jarvandi F. 2014. Nutrition education based on health belief model improves dietary calcium intake among female students of junior high schools. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 32(3), 420.

Oosthuizen D, Oldewage-Theron WH, Napier C. 2011. The impact of a nutrition programme on the dietary intake patterns of primary school children. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24(2), 75-81. http:/

Powers AR, Struempler BJ, Guarino A, Parmer SM. 2005. Effects of a nutrition education program on the dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge of second‐grade and third‐grade students. Journal of School Health 75(4), 129-133.

Shaheen N, Rahim AT, Mohiduzzaman M, Banu CP, Bari L, Tukun AB, Stadlmayr B. 2013.Food composition table for Bangladesh. Final Research Results, 187.

Sherman J, Muehlhoff E. 2007. Developing a nutrition and health education program for primary schools in Zambia. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 39(6), 335-342.

Swindale A, Bilinsky P. 2006. Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) for measurement of household food access: indicator guide. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development.

Talukder A, Haselow NJ, Osei, AK, Villate E, Reario D, Kroeun H, Quinn V. 2010. Homestead food production model contributes to improved household food security and nutrition status of young children and women in poor populations. Lessons learned from scaling-up programs in Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal and Philippines). Field Actions Science Reports. The journal of Field Actions, (Special Issue 1).

Tamiru D, Argaw A, Gerbaba M, Nigussie A, Ayana G, Belachew T. 2016. Improving dietary diversity of school adolescents through school based nutrition education and home gardening in Jimma Zone: Quasi-experimental design. Eating behaviors, 23, 180-186.