Nutrition management effects on grain yield, yield components and some physiological characteristics of bread wheat cultivars

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/09/2014
Views (281) Download (5)

Nutrition management effects on grain yield, yield components and some physiological characteristics of bread wheat cultivars

S. Sh. Jasemi, Gh.Abas. Akbari, Gh. Ali. Akbari, G. Najafian, F. Moradi
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 3), 1-6, September 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Nutrition management plays vital role in yield potential of wheat production. In order to investigate the effects of nutrition management on yield, yield components and some physiological characteristics of bread wheat cultivars, this experiment was conducted in karaj SPII (Seed and Plant Improvement Institute) during two cropping seasons 2010-2012. A strip plot experiment with a Randomized Complete Block Design was set up in three replications. Main plots were allocated to nutrition management including: Without fertilizer (control), macronutrient application and macro plus micronutrient application and sub plots were three levels of cultivars. Results showed, that nutrition management effects on grain yield, yield components and some physiological characteristics were significant. Meanwhile, the application of macro plus micronutrient and Parsi Cultivar had the highest grain yield among other treatments in general.


Bacha MA, Sabbah AM, Hamady MA. 1997. Effect of foliar application of iron, zinc and manganese on yield, berry quality and leaf mineral composition of Thompson seedless and roomy red grape cultivars. Agriculture Science 1, 127-140.

Borlaug NE, Dowswell CR.1994. Feeding a human population that increasingly crowds a fragile planet. Paper presented at the 15th World Congress of Soil Science, 10–16 July 1994, Acapulco, Mexico.

FAOSTAT. 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Cattivilli L, Delogu G, Terzi V, Stanca M. 2001. Progress in barley breeding. PP. 95-181. In: G.A.Slafer (ed). Genetic Improvements of Field Crops. Marcel Decker, Inc. New York.

Guenis A, Alpaslan M, Unal A. 2003. Effects of Boron Fertilization on the Yield and Some Yield Components of Bread and Durum Wheat .Turkish Journal of Agriculture 27, 329-335.

Kumar V, Agarwal SK. 1990. Influence of irrigation and nitrogen levels on growth and yield in huskless barley (Hordeum vulgare). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 69, 596–600.

Iqtidar H, Ayyaz KM, Ahmad KE. 2006. Bread wheat varieties as influenced by different nitrogen levels. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci 7, 70-78.

Lorzadeh S. 1993. Effect of different level of nitrogen, irrigation regimes and seeding rate on yield and quality of wheat in Khuzestan climate condition. M.Sc. Thesis, p: 165. Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, Iran.

Potarzycki J, Grzebisz W. 2009. Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant Soil Environ 55(12), 519-527.

PvrsyahyBidi R. 1997. Timing and level of nitrogen fertility edicts on spring wheat yield in eastern. Canada, Crop Sci. 34, 748-756.

Rehman S, Khalil SK, Rehman A, Saljoqi AU. 2008. Organic and inorganic fertilizers increase wheat yield components and biomass under rainfed condition. Sarhad J. Agric. 24(1), 11-20.

Romheld V, Marachner H. 1995. Genotypical differences among graminaceous species in release of phytoadiero phores and uptake of iron phytoauid phores. Plant Soil 132, 147-153.

Sawan ZM, Hafez SA, Basyony AE. 2001. Effect of phosphorus fertilization and foliar application of chelated zinc and calcium on seed, protein and oil yields and oil properties of cotton. Journal Agriculture Science 136, 191-198.

Sinebo W. 2002. Determination of grain protein concentration in barley: Yield relationship of barleys grown in a tropical highland environment. Crop Sci. J. 24, 428-437.

Soleimani R. 2006. The effects of integrated application of micronutrient on wheat in low organic carbon conditions of alkaline soils of western Iran. 18th world congress of soil science.

Stewart WM, Dibb DW, Johnston AE, Smyth TJ. 2005. The contribution of commercial fertilizer nutrients to food production. Agronomy Journal 97, 1-6.

Zeidan M S, Manal F, Mohamed H, Hamouda A. 2010. Effect of Foliar Fertilization of Fe, Mn and Zn on Wheat Yield and Quality in Low Sandy Soils Fertility. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6 (6), 696-699.