Nutritional assessment status of adult patients with multiple sclerosis: A nationally representative survey

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Research Paper 12/02/2023
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Nutritional assessment status of adult patients with multiple sclerosis: A nationally representative survey

Leena Ahmad, Omar A. Alhaj, Nour A. Elsahoryi, Iman F. Mahmoud, Haitham Jahrami, Abdallah M. Younes, Maha M. Al Rasheed, Nicola L. Bragazzi
Int. J. Biomol. & Biomed.16( 1), 1-12, February 2023.
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Abstract

No previous research has assessed the nongenetic factors, especially the nutrition status of MS patients in Arab countries. Hence, this study aims to assess the nutritional status of MS patients among Arab adults. This study is a nationally representative cross-sectional study using a structured, online self-administered, validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) from 13 Arab countries. All data analyses were performed using STATA 16.0 and R for statistical computing version 4.0.4. A total of 813 participants were surveyed, most of the MS participants were female (68.4%), married (58.5%), non-smoker (72.6%) and 53.3% were diagnosed with MS for up to five years. MS participants did not consume the DRI of both the macro and the micronutrients including the energy requirements, except the dietary intake of the sodium which was insignificantly different from the DRI. Results also showed that most participants rarely consumed the main food items including bread, cereals, and most types of meat. While, more than 50% of the participants consumed fruit, vegetables, all types of chicken, fish, fresh soup, rice, and egg up to 3 times per month. On the other hand, milk and milkshake were consumed rarely; while, tea and herbal teas were the most common beverages. Nutrient deficiencies are very common among MS Arab patients. The finding of this study can establish a base for the development of a nutritional program for MS patients in accordance with the recommended DRI.

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