Obesity can be prevented by physical training and diet containing Solanum aethiopicum Shum fruit

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Research Paper 01/03/2021
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Obesity can be prevented by physical training and diet containing Solanum aethiopicum Shum fruit

Valentin Désiré Guiama, Juliette Koube, Esther Ngah
Int. J. Biosci.18( 3), 10-17, March 2021.
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Two-thirds of the global disease can be attributable to obesity and its complications. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of endurance training and diet containing Solanum aethiopicum Shum fruit (SASF) consumption on obesity prevention. Twenty-four Wistar male rats were grouped (6 per group) according to the physical training and SASF feeding: group 1 (control), group 2 (trained and consumed), group 3 (trained), group 4 (consumed). Parameters of nutritional behaviour, stomach wall weight and obesity biomarkers were recorded. The animals fed on a diet containing SASF showed a significant decrease in total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol, and an increase in HDL-cholesterol and testosterone. From animals submitted to endurance training only, a significant decrease in total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol and increase in testosterone, without statistical changes in HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides was observed. The rats were physically trained and fed on an experimental diet containing SASF limited body and abdominal wall weights, improved lipid profile and testosterone towards obesity prevention. In the present study, endurance exercise and diet containing SASF prevented obesity in rats. We conclude that the promotion of durable health could depend on adapted physical activity and a diet containing raw vegetables with a low glycaemic index.


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