Occurrence of cyprinid fish, Carasobarbus sublimus in the Al-Diwaniya River, Middle Euphrates, Iraq

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2018
Views (224) Download (19)

Occurrence of cyprinid fish, Carasobarbus sublimus in the Al-Diwaniya River, Middle Euphrates, Iraq

Abdul-Razak Mahmood Mohamed, Mohanad Obes Abdullah Al-Jubouri
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 1), 63-72, January 2018.
Certificate: JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


During a fish survey from 2016 to 2017, we captured 83 specimens of the cyprinid fish, Carasobarbus sublimus from the Al-Diwaniya River, Middle Euphrates, Iraq. This is the first report of the occurrence of this species in this locality. Fish were captured by gill nets and electro-fishing equipment. Twenty two morphometric and eleven meristic measurements were applied to describe the species. The range of total length in the present specimens (130.4-250.1mm) is larger than the range quoted for C. sublimus. The indices characters to standard length (SL) varied from 7.4 % to 121.0 %, and the head characters to head length (HL) from 27.4% to 93.2%. The growth rate between body characters and SL varied from 0.085 to 1.118 and between head characters and HL from 0.210 to 1.091.The numbers of scales in lateral line and around the least circumference of the caudal peduncle are 27-29 and 12, respectively. The biometric data were successful in identifying of C. sublimus and confirm the presence of the species in the Al-Diwaniya River. This is the second record of the species in the Iraqi freshwaters. Based on this finding, the case would be interesting and open to discussion about the distributions of C. sublimus in the Tigris-Euphrates basin.


Borkenhagen K, and Krupp F. 2013. Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Carasobarbus Karaman, 1971 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae). ZooKeys 339, 1-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.339.4903

Borkenhagen K, Esmaeili HR, Mohsenzadeh S, Shahryari F, Gholamifard A. 2011. The molecular systematics of the Carasobarbus species from Iran and adjacent areas, with comments on Carasobarbus albus (Heckel, 1843). Environmental Biology of Fishes 91(3), 327-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10641-011-9787-1

Çiçek E, Birecikligil SS, Fricke R. 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey: a revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologist 9(2), 141-157. http://biozoojournals.ro/bihbiol/index.html

Coad BW, Najafpour N. 1997. Barbus sublimus, a new species of cyprinid fish from Khuzestan Province, Iran. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 7(3), 273–278.

Coad BW. 2010. Freshwater Fishes of Iraq. Pensoft Ser. Faunist. Moscow: Pensoft Publishers.

Esmaeili HR, Teimori A, Gholami Z, Hosseinie F. 2006. Range extension of Barbus sublimus Coad and Najafpour, 1997 (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) and Its Sympatric Species in Southwest of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 2, 19–24.

Jaiswar AK, Parida PK, Chakraborty SK, Palaniswamy R. 2004. Morphometry and length weight relationship of obtuse barracuda Sphyraena obtusata (Cuvier) (Teleostomi/ Actinopterygii/ Sphyraenidae) from Bombay waters, west coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 33(3), 307-309.

Mohamed ARM,  Abood AN. 2016. Occurrence of the King Nase, Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) in the Shatt Al-Arab River, Iraq. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 9(8), 85-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.9790/2380-0908018589

Mohamed ARM,  Abood AN. 2017. Compositional change in fish assemblage structure in the Shatt Al-Arab River, Iraq. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences 5(5), 944-958.

Mohamed ARM, Al-Jubouri MOA. 2017. Fish assemblage structure in Al-Diwaniya River, middle of Iraq. Asian Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 6(4): 10-20.

Mohamed ARM,  Abood AN, Jawad LA. 2017. Presence of Carasobarbus sublimus (Coad & Najafpour, 1997) in the upper reaches of Shatt al-Arab River, Basrah, Iraq. Zoology and Ecology 27(1), 30-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21658005.2016.1272833

Saroniya RK, Saksena DN, Nagpure NS. 2013. The morphometric and meristic analysis of some Puntius species from central India. Biolife 1(4), 144-154.