One year retrospective study on the incidence of communicable diseases in Shangla valley Khyber-pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/10/2017
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One year retrospective study on the incidence of communicable diseases in Shangla valley Khyber-pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan

Faiz Ullah Khan, Shahab Uddin, Fazal Rabbi, Ibad Ur Rehman, Naveed Anwer, Tariq Ahmed, Zakir Khan, Asim Ur Rehman, Muhammad Masood Ur Rehman, Syed Mujahid Shah
Int. J. Biosci.11( 4), 100-106, October 2017.
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In spite of the epidemiological alteration, communicable diseases endure a public health issue that represent a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in district shangla. This study aimed to define the incidence degrees for communicable disease and to evaluate inclinations in communicable disease in different hospitals of District shangla which consist on four tehsils (Tehsil Alpuri, Puran, Besham and chakaisar) over a period of 1 years (2015–2016). A retrospective study was designed that include all cases of communicable disease from 2015 to 2016 in the different tehsil headquarters hospitals of District Shangla. Data collected from different Hospitals of district shangla and the prevalence of many diseases were statistically analysed. It was observed that among the most evaluated pathological conditions in the whole district, upper respiratory tract infection was high (17.5%) in occurrence followed by Diarrhoea and dysentery in children less then 5 years (4.13%), worm infestations (1.3%), dermatitis (0.59%), malaria (0.21%), pneumonia (0.2%), enteric typhoid fever (0.1%) and COPD with prevalence (0.054%) respectively. If the rate of these communicable diseases are going in the same pattern it will lead to a big morbidity rate in the valley, so consideration of health department is needed to provide good health care facilities and establishment of more healthcare centres to eradicate these diseases along with the awareness sessions for common public.


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