Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2022

VIEWS 11
| Download

Organic mulches improves morphophysiological and yield attributes of white maize variety

Parvin Akter Bithy

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.20(2), 176-186, February 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.2.176-186

Certification:

IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The objectives of the research work were to evaluate the morphophysiological behaviour and yield contributing attributes of white maize under different organic mulches. The experiment was laid out in a  randomized complete block design  (RCBD) with three replications at the central research field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, from October 2019 to May 2020. This experiment used 4 types of organic mulches these are T1 = Control (without mulch); T2 = Water hyacinth; T3 = Rice straw; T4 = Rice husk; T5 = Ash and white maize variety Shuvra. Due to this (T3) mulch material, tasselling, silking, cob appearance was hastened by (10-12) days than T1. The highest plant height (cm), number of leaves plant-1, leaf area (cm2), leaf area index were obtained from T3 (Rice straw). The highest days to harvesting 148.83a were observed in T3. The highest total dry matter after harvest (506.44gm per plant) was recorded from T3. In case of yield attributes, highest cob length, cob diameter, cob wt. plant-1, no. of cob plant-1, no. of row cob-1, no. of seed row-1, no. of seed cob-1, no. of seed plant-1, seed wt. cob-1, seed wt. plant-1 and 1000 seed wt., was recorded at (22.13cm, 5.07cm, 910.68gm, 3.03, 15.57, 37.87, 589.68, 1791, 167gm, 506.46gm and 335.5gm) from mulch treatment T3 (Rice straw). The results showed that rice straw mulch had outstanding superiority for morphophysiological and yield attributes in white maize over the other organic mulches.

VIEWS 11

Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Organic mulches improves morphophysiological and yield attributes of white maize variety

Anisuzzaman M, Ashrafuzzaman M, Ismail MR, Uddin MK, Rahim MA. 2009. Planting time and mulching effect on onion development and seed production. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 619–622.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2016. Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, p 144- 145.

Dogan Y, Ekinci MB, Togay N, Togay Y. 2015. Determination of Suitable Nitrogen Doses for Growing Second Product Maize (Zea mays L.) Varieties in Chickpea Planting Fields and its Economic Analysis. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 49(2), 125-133.

Godfray HCJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Lawrence H, David L, Muir JF, Jules P, Sherman R, Thomas SM, Camilla T. 2010. Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science 327, 812–818. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1185383.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2 ed.). John wiley and sons, New York. p 680.

Guruprasad M, Sridevi V, Vijayakumar G, Kumar MS. 2016. Plant Regeneration through Callus Initiation from Mature and Immature Embryos of Maize (Zea mays L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 50(2), 135-138.

Huang R, Birch CJ, Georged DL. 2006. Water Use Efficiency in Maize Production- the Challenge and Improvement Strategies. 6th Triennial Conference, Maize Association of Australia.

Islam TMT, Kaul AK. 1986. Prospects of maize in Bangladesh. FAO/UNDP. Dhaka, Bangladesh p 1-59,109.

Katinila N, Verkuijl H, Mwangi W, Anandajayasekeram P, Moshi AJ. 1998. Adoption of Maize Production Technologies in Southern Tanzania. Mexico, D.F.: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Southern Africa Centre for Cooperation in Agricultural Research (SACCAR).

Khan MAH. 2001. Mic;roclimatic manipulation and adaptation of quality protein maize (QPM) under dryland conditions. Final Report, BARC/ARMP funded Contract Res. Project, p 72+2+3.

Kwabiah AB. 2004. Growth yield of sweet corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars in response to planting date and plastic mulch in a short-season environment. Scientia Horticulturae 102, 147–166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2004.01.007.

Liu Z, Wang G, Liu HY, Lei L, Wu Y. 2000. The effect of different mulching methods with whole maize straw in dryland on maize yield. Shanxi Agricultural Science 28, 20–22.

Makowski D, Nesme T, Papy F, Doré T. 2014. Global agronomy, a new field of research. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 34, 293–307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13593-013-0179-0.

Maurya PR, Lal R. 1981. Effects of different mulch materials on soil properties and on the root growth and yield of maize (Zea mays) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Field Crops Research 4, 33–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(81)90052-6.

Mian MAK, Ahmed A, Matin A. 2002. Growth, Yield and Economics of Hybrid Maize as Affected by Rate and Time of Nitrogen Application. Bangladesh Journal Agricultural Research 27(1), 41-46.

Pingali PL, Pandey S. 2001. Meeting World Maize Needs: Technological Opportunities and Priorities for the Public Sector, 1999/2000. World Maize Facts and Trends.

Ramakrishna Tam HM, WANI Suhas P, Long TD. 2006. Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crops Research 95, 115–125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.01.030.

Roldan A, Carabaca F, Elernandez ML, Garcia C, Sanchez–Brito C, Velasquez M, Tiscareno, M. 2003. No–tillage, crop residue additions and legume cover cropping effects on soil quality characteristics under maize in Patzcuaro watershed (Mexico). Soil and Tillage Research 72, 65–73.

Smart JR, Bradford JM. 1999. Conservation tillage corn production for a semi–arid, subtropical environment. Agronomy Journal 91, 116–121.

Tilman D, Balzer C, Hill J, Befort BL. 2011. From the cover: global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 20260–20264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1116437108.

Timsina J, Wolf J, Guilpart N, Van Bussel LGJ, Grassini P, van Wart J, Hossain A, Rashid H. Islam, S Van Ittersam MK. 2016. Can Bangladesh produce enough food in 2030 and 2050. In: Agricultural Systems. http://www.academia.edu/18912533/Can_Bangladesh_produce_enough_food_in_2030_and_2050.

UN (United Nation). 2015. World Population Prospects 2017. DESA/Population Division, United Nations. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background