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Ovipositional Preference and Performance of Oriental Fruit Fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Some Commercial Citrus Cultivars

Muhammad Ismail, Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza, Muhammad Zeeshan Majeed, Muhammad Anjum Aqueel

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Int. J. Biosci.20(1), 46-58, January 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.1.46-58

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Abstract

The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a destructive pest of horticultural crops in Pakistan. The present research goal was to evaluate the most suitable host choice for oviposition and offspring performance of B. dorsalis among different citrus cultivars in the laboratory under no-choice and choice tests. Based on pupal recovery, B. dorsalis showed maximum infestation on Citrus reticulata (mandarin) followed by Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) both under choice and no-choice tests compared to other cultivars. Findings showed that C. reticulata was the most preferred host in terms of oviposition choice with an average pupal recovery (10.67%), followed by C. sinensis with an average pupal recovery (7.50%) under the choice test. While Citrus aurantifolia (lime) followed by Citrus paradisi (grapefruit) showed significant deformities under both tests, making them unfavorable hosts for B. dorsalis. In case of peel thickness, C. aurantifolia showed maximum thickness (0.74 cm) followed by C. aurantium (0.58 cm), while C. paradisi had the least peel thickness (0.43 cm). In case of physiochemical parameters, a significant difference (P < 0.05) was found in total soluble solids (TSS) besides the TSS/acidity ratio across the cultivars, while a non-significant difference (P > 0.05) was observed for acidity (%) values. However, there was no relationship between these characters on the ovipositional behaviour of B. dorsalis. Only the peel thickness (R2 = 56.2%), fruit weight (R2 = 54.4%) and fruit diameter (R2 = 60.7%) had a small role in the ovipositional behaviour of B. dorsalis.

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Ovipositional Preference and Performance of Oriental Fruit Fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Some Commercial Citrus Cultivars

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