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Papaya (Carica papaya Linn.) leaf meal as phytobiotic feed supplement improves the production performance of growing Japanese Quails

Keiven Mark B. Ampode

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Int. J. Biosci.14(5), 533-540, May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.5.533-540


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A feeding trial was conducted to determine the chemical composition of papaya leaf meal (PLM) and its effects on the production performance of growing Japanese quails. One hundred twenty female Japanese quails were randomly assigned into four dietary treatments and laid out in a Completely Randomized Design experimental set-up. The Japanese quails were fed with commercial ration supplemented with graded levels of papaya leaf meal, 0% (T1), 5% (T2), 10% (T3), and 15% (T4). The bi-weekly body weight gain (BWG), average daily gain (ADG), voluntary feed intake (VFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were observed within 42 days experimental period. The chemical composition of PLM contains 10.72% moisture, 89.28% dry matter, 32.13% crude protein, 1.08% P, 3.34% K, 0.70% Ca, 0.19% Mg, 0.03 Fe (ppm), 0.0048 Zn (ppm), 0.03 Mn (ppm), and 0.0019 Cu (ppm). The results showed significant differences (p<0.01) on the final weight, and quails fed with 5% PLM is heavier than those fed without PLM. The VFI of the Japanese quails supplemented with 5% PLM is statistically comparable (p<0.01) to the quails fed with 0% and 10% PLM, while quails supplemented with 15% PLM got the lowest feed intake. Numerically, quails fed with 5% PLM improved the BWG, ADG, and FCR compared to the quails fed with 0%, 10%, and 15% PLM. In conclusion, 5% PLM as phytobiotic feed supplements into the diet of Japanese quails revealed better results without adverse effects on the economic traits and growth performance of growing Japanese quails.


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Papaya (Carica papaya Linn.) leaf meal as phytobiotic feed supplement improves the production performance of growing Japanese Quails

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