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Parasitic effects of broomrape (Orobanche spp.) on growth, yield and quality of tomato and its economic loss in agro-ecological conditions of Khanozai (Karezat Region) District Pishin, Balochistan, Pakistan

Shamsullah, Saadullah Khan Leghari, Muhammed Anwar Panezai, Muhammed Alam Mengal, Saeed-ur-Rehman Kakar, Shazia Saeed, Alia Ahmed

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Int. J. Biosci.15(6), 126-136, December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.126-136


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The purpose of study was to understand the parasitic impact of Broomrape (Orobanche spp.) on tomato (Lycopersicon spp.) and its economic loss in the study area. The inspiration of the holo-parasitic broomrape on vegetative growth, productivity, fruit quality, chlorophyll contents of leaves, and rate of photosynthesis and fluorescence of chlorophyll in tomato plantswere deliberated during the growing seasons of 2019. Experiment was performed on tomato plants (crop) grown on  commercial basis in an open field area of Khanozai (Karezat Region) District Pishin, Balochistan, Pakistan in the outline of a complete randomized block design (CRBD), with three replicates. From the results it was noted that the occurrence of parasite powerfully condensed the aerial biomass, total yield and quality with 66.50% economic loss by temporary as an opposing basin for integrate, nonetheless extra prominently, through cooperating the competence of carbons assimilations through a decrease in the chlorophyll contents of leaves and rate of photosynthesis. Florescence of chlorophyll features including F0, Fm, Fv and Fv/Fm were all changed in parasitic plants, representing that broomrapes effected plant were additional vulnerable to photo-inhibition. The marks of damages to theplant population were not dependent oneither the numbers or biomass of scrounging plant /host plant. From results it was also noted that as days after planting (DAP) increased (60 -135 DAP) the rate of infection of broomrape on host plant (including; chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, relative chlorophyll contents and photosynthetic rate) also increased respectively.


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