Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Pasture establishment and management practices of smallholder dairy farmers in Cagayan Province, Philippines

Research Paper | May 1, 2021

| Download 15

Gerald M. Duza, Romillo N. Trinidad, Neil Nemesio A. Baliuag, Ricardo B. Casauay

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18( 5), 207-213, May 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.5.207-213


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Proper pasture management plays a major role to produce higher productivity of livestock, thus, this study was conducted to determine the current pasture establishment and management of smallholder dairy farmers in Cagayan province. In terms of the profile of respondents, Dairy farmers are dominated by male, married, small family size, mean age of 47, elementary graduates, and have an income of PhP4,000- PhP5,000/month. On their present practices, most Cagayanos dairy farmers have 3 ha. field cultivated, most of them have Carabao (Murrah buffalo) as livestock owned when compared  to cow (Brahman bree) and goat (Anglo lubian), in terms of years of handling, the shortest year ranging to 20-25 years, and the longest handling year is 60-65 years. For land preparation, respondents engaged themselves in zero tillage rather than cultivation, most of them have no planting materials while other farmers used forages, they more practiced asexual propagation and adopt pasture cut and carry procedure. On the Attitudes and motivation of dairy farmers, they strongly agreed that forages increase milk and livestock production, agrees that forages confer resistance to diseases, produced supply and quality forages, and increases carrying capacity. With all the above results, the study has shown that dairy farmers in Cagayan province have a very small proportion of land available for pasture development, lack of dairy technology, trainings, and seminars, the high opportunity cost of labors are some of the main constraints recorded and must be addressed.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Pasture establishment and management practices of smallholder dairy farmers in Cagayan Province, Philippines

Agrimag A. 2018. Importance of Proper Pasture Management. Agriculture Monthly. https://www. agriculture.com.ph/2018/08/01/importance-of-proper-pasture-management.

Bharathi Dairy Farm. 2017. About Murrah Buffalo. Murrah Farm. http://www. bharathidairyfarm .com/about-murrah.php.

Chavva KR. 2008. Farmer Literacy Practices: A Comparative Study of Farmers in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Master’s Capstone Projects. 94. https://scholarworks. umass. edu/cie_capstones/94.

Exapta Solutions, Inc. 2020. Advantages and Disadvantages of No Till Farming, Planting. No-Till Agriculture. https://notillagriculture.com/no-till-farming/ advantages-and-disadvantages-of-no-till-farming.

Hansen M, Roll K. 2016. Smallholder Agriculture and Management Practices: Insights from the Field. SSRN Electronic Journal, https://doi.org/ 10.2139/ssrn.2893129.

Hemme T, Otte J. 2010. Status and prospects for smallholder milkproduction: A global perspective. (Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initia-tive, International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN). http://www.fao. org/docrep/012/i1522e/i1522e00.pdf.[accessed Sept. 15 2020.

Kendra KV. 2016. Effect of age and educational level of dairy farmers on knowledge and adoption of dairy farming practices in Kapurthala district of Punjab. International Journal of Farm Sciences 6(4), 254-262.

Kimaro EG, Lyimo-Macha, JG, & Jeckoniah, JN. 2013. Gender roles in small holder dairy farming: pertinent issues on access and control over dairy farming resources in Arumeru district, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 25, 25. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd25/5/kima25082.htm.

Kirton HR. 1967. Winter Management Practices and Their Effects On Pasture Species and Production. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 96-101. https://doi.org/10.33584/jnzg.1967.29.1232.

MacDonald JM. Law J, & Mosheim, R. 2020. USDA ERS – Scale Economies Provide Advantages to Large Dairy Farms. Economic Research Service United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ers. usda.gov/amber-waves/2020/ august/scale-economies-provide-advantages-to-large-dairy-farms.

Mohd Najib MA, & Eng PK. 1994. Pasture and Fodder Establishment and Management For Smallholder Dairy Production. Biwork Grasslan 102-113. https://www.dphu.org/uploads/attachements

Posadas-Domínguez, RR, Arriaga-Jordáncm Martínez-Castañeda FE. 2013. Contribution of family labour to the profitability and competitiveness of small-scale dairy production systems in central Mexico. Tropical Animal Health and Production 46(1), 235-240. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250

The Dairy Site. 2020. Breeds – Brahman. https://www.thedairysite.com/breeds/beef/67/brah

Yang YY, & Kim JG. 2016. The optimal balance between sexual and asexual reproduction in variable environments: a systematic review. Journal of Ecology and Environment, 40(1), https://doi.org/ 10.1186/s41610-016-0013-0.