Path analysis and comparison of seed yield and some agronomic traits of common ecotypes of Lallemantia (Lallemantia iberica Fisch. et C. A. Mey)

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Research Paper 01/04/2017
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Path analysis and comparison of seed yield and some agronomic traits of common ecotypes of Lallemantia (Lallemantia iberica Fisch. et C. A. Mey)

Soheila Abdoli, Jalil Shafagh-Kolvanagh, Mohammad Moghaddam, Mohsen Sabzi Nojadeh
J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 4), 114-121, April 2017.
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Lallemantia iberica is an annual herb of the Lamiaceae family known for its stimulant, diuretic, and expectorant effects in Iranian folk medicine. The present study was conducted at a field experiment in 2015 to comparison of yield and some traits of 49 common ecotypes of Lallemantia. The experiment was arranged as square lattice design (7×7) with three replications. Results showed that there were significant differences among Lallemantia ecotypes. Lallemantia seed yield per plant had the highest correlation with seeds per plant and seeds per main stem, respectively. Path analysis showed that the seeds per plant had the highest direct effect (0.988) on seed yield per plant. Cluster analysis showed that Lallemantia ecotypes grouped in two clusters. Ecotypes of cluster II, compared with other ecotypes (cluster I) had the higher mean of seed yield per plant. Thus, the accurate selections of the appropriate Lallemantia ecotype in each region are considerably important and essential factors to achieve the high yield in this plant.


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