Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Peat soil as an alternative soil substrate and its effect on balangeran (Shorea belangeran) seedling growth

Research Paper | April 1, 2019

| Download 9

Ahmad Yamani, Basir Achmad

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.14( 4), 188-196, April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.4.188-196


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Todays, substrates used for seedling growth are mostly topsoil. The topsoil will one day be difficult to obtain because of forest degradation. Therefore it is necessary to seek for alternative substrates. One of the alternatives is by utilizing peat land which is still of great potential on the island of Borneo. By mixing peat soil with mineral soil in a suitable balance, not only does the physical nature of the soil improve but also the ability of the substrates to hold water also increases. In addition, the only species of Dipterocarpaceae family that grows in wetland habitats is balangeran (Shorea balangeran). The existence of the species is almost extinct, so it needs to endeavor for sustainability. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of using peat soil and topsoil and their combinations as substrates of the growth of balangeran. The treatments applied were 0% peat soil + 100% topsoil, 25% peat soil + 75% topsoil, 50% peat soil + 50% topsoil, 75% peat soil + 25% topsoil, and 100% peat soil + 0% topsoil. The treatments were analyzed using a completely randomized design. The results showed that the highest increase of the seedling diameter (1.704 cm) was reached using the combination treatment of 25% peat soil + 75% topsoil), but the lowest one was the treatment of 0% peat soil + 100% topsoil) with the increase of the diameter of 0.455 cm. The topsoil should be mixed with peat soil substrates for growing balangeran seedlings in the nursery.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Peat soil as an alternative soil substrate and its effect on balangeran (Shorea belangeran) seedling growth

Basir A. 2007. Accelerating the height increment of jelutung seedling by liming, fertilizing, and shading at a nursery. Rimba Kalimantan 12(2), 77-81.

Bogidarmanti R, Darwo. 2016. The effects of media variation on the growth and wildling quality of Alnus nepalensis. National seminar proceeding of biodiversity community of Indonesia 2(2), 263-266.

Hakim N, Nyakpa MY, Lubis AM, Nugroho SG, Diha MA, Hong GB, Barley HH. 1986. Basics of soil sciences. Agriculture Faculty, Lampung University. Bandar Lampung.

Hanibal. 2007. The effects of the combination of peatland and mineral soil as growth media of palm oil tree seedlings (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Faculty of Agriculture of Jambi University. Jambi.

Indriyanto. 2003. The research report of the response of cengal (Hopea sangal, Korth) seedlings on the mixture of soil, paddy husk bokashi, and sawdust bokhasi at a nursery. Lampung University. Bandar Lampung.

IRRI. 2006. IRRI Rice Knowledge Bank. Organic matters and manure. Collaboration between the Research and Development Institute of Agriculture Department and IRRI. www.Knowledgebank.irri.org.  Jakarta. Retrieved on  8 February 2009.

Juhardi D. 1995. Vegetative propagation of shoot cuttings of Shorea selanica BL using IBA growth regulator on the media of mixture between soil and sand. Thesis, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agriculture University. Bogor.

Kosasih AS, Heryati Y. 2006. The effects of weaning media on the growth of Shorea selanica BI seedlings at a nursery. Journal of Forest and Nature Conservation 3(2), 147-155.

Safuan LO. 2002. Constraints of acidic dryland agriculture in the tropics and management systems. Papers on introduction to sciences. Postgraduate Program. Bogor Agriculture University. Bogor.

Salisbury FB, Ross CW. 1992. Plant Physiology. Publisher of the Bandung Institute of Technology. Bandung.

Sudomo A, Santosa HB. 2011. Effect of organic media and mineral soil on growth and seed quality index of mindi. Journal of Forest Research and Nature Conservation 8(3), 263-271.

Soemartono. 1977. Statistics of field technical experiment pattern. Foundation for the Development of the Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.

Susilawati, Bastoni. 2005. The effects of media composition and NPK fertilizer on the growth of jelutung (Dyera polyphylla) seedlings. Agria2, Warsi. 2007.www.warsi.or.id/News/2007/News-200701-meratapi.htm

Wahyunto, Ritung S, Subagjo H. 2004. Map of peatland distribution area and carbon content in Kalimantan, 2000 – 2002. Wetlands International – Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC).

Yamani A, Achmad B, Bakri S. 2017. The effect of media variations on agarwood/gaharu growth (Aquilaria beccariana van Tiegh). Independent Research Results. Published by the Library of the Faculty of Forestry, Lambung Mangkurat University. Banjarbaru.