Performance of different genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in heat stress conditions

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Research Paper 01/08/2013
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Performance of different genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in heat stress conditions

Md. Nur. Alam, Mst. Masuma. Akhter, Md. Monwar Hossain, Rokonuzzaman
Int. J. Biosci.3( 8), 295-306, August 2013.
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The experiment was carried out in the research field of Wheat Research Centre (WRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research institute (BARI), Nashipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh in the Rabi season (from November, 2012 to April. 2013), 2012-13 to observe the effect of heat stress in irrigated late sowing conditions (ILS) on the yield and yield attributes of different wheat genotypes and thereby to search heat tolerant genotypes. The treatments were 4 dates of sowing viz. 30 Nov (D1), 15 Dec (D2), 30 Dec (D3) & 14 Jan (D4) and 4 genotypes viz. BARI Gom 26 (V1), BAW 1051 (V2), BAW 1120 (V3) & BAW 1141 (V4) . The genotypes V2, V3, and V4 were taken as test genotypes and V1 as check. The design was split-plot with 3 replications. In ILS conditions, all genotypes faced high temperature in different stages which hampered the normal growth of the yield contributing attributes resulting the extreme yield reduction of all except V4. But, all yield contributing characters of V4 performed the best in heat stress condition. The yield reduction percentage was the lowest in V4 (16.6-31.5%) of all genotypes. The advanced line, V4 can be sown up to 15 December as heat tolerant genotypes to get yield more than 3.5 t ha-1 as the most heat tolerant and one of the shortest life span genotypes of all.


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