Performance Trial of Vermicompost on the Growth and Yield of Garlic (Ilocos White Shank)

Paper Details

Research Paper 03/05/2023
Views (724) Download (153)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Performance Trial of Vermicompost on the Growth and Yield of Garlic (Ilocos White Shank)

Herbert Cachapero Imatong
Int. J. Biosci.22( 5), 17-24, May 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The garlic (Allium sativum) variety “Ilocos white shank” was subjected to two levels of vermicompost application to determine its plant height, bulb diameter, and its yield. Complete Randomized Design (CRD) was used to test the performance of the garlic under two levels of vermicompost application, namely; T1 – Control (No vermicompost applied); T2 – Vermicompost @ 2 tons/ha; T3 – Vermicompost @ 4 tons/ha.Results of the study revealed that the height of garlic plants fertilized with vermicompost at the rate of 20 grams/hill (4 tons/ha) produced the tallest plants with a mean of 62.8 cm, followed by 47.3 cm (2 tons/ha of vermicompost) and the least was observed in the unfertilized plots with a mean of 44.13 cm. The diameter of the garlic bulb produced in the study was greatest at 3.85 cm when fertilized with vermicompost at the rate of 4 tons/ha, followed by 3.37 cm in plants applied at the rate of 2 tons/ha. The yield of garlic, Ilocos white shank is highly favored by the application of vermicompost at the rate of 4 tons per hectare, which gave a mean yield of 3.840 tons/ha, followed by the application rate of 2 tons/ha, which gave a yield of 2.867 tons/ha while the unfertilized plot recorded a yield of 2.707 tons/ha.

VIEWS 169

Babatunde FE, Mofoke ALE, Udom GN, Mohammed GU. 2009. Influence of Nutrient Source on the elemental Composition of Irrigated Garlic. Jouirnal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension 8(1), January 2009 45-50 p.

BAS-DA. 2008. Major Crops Statistics of the Philippines for 2002-2007. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Department of Agriculture. Quezon City, Manila.

Fikreyohannes Gedamu. 2005. Effects of clove size and plant density on the bulb yield and yield components of garlic (Allium sativum) In Awabel woreda, East Gojjam zone.

Gupta PK. 2005. Vermicomposting for Sustainable Agriculture, AGROBIOS (India), Jodhapur, 210 p.

Maghirang RG, Miranda MB. 2001. Garlic Production Guide. Philippines University Los Baňos, 4031 College, Laguna. Institute of Plant Breeding.

Dela Cruz RL. 1993. Production Management for garlic under corn-based farming system. Unpublished doctoral thesis. CLSU, Muῆoz, Nueva Ecija.

Edwards CA, Arencon NQ. 2005. The science of vermiculture: The use of earthworms in organic wastes management. Proceedings of the International Symposium Workshop on Vermi Technologies for Developing Countries, Philippines Investment Guide for Garlic. 2019. Department of Agriculture. Agribusiness and Marketing Services. Agribusiness Promotions Division. https://drive.google.com/file/d/10Xe-3JrcYYD_9uq01WeusaBRM-2Ao9m/view?usp=drivesdk

Mehdi Rashtbari, Hossein Ali Alikhani, Mehdi Ghorchiani. 2012. Effect of vermicompost and municipal solid waste compost on growth and yield of canola under drought stress conditions. International Journal of Agriculture: Research and Review 2(4), 395-402, Accessed online at on April 5, 2023. http://www.ecisi.com

Sachin AJ, Bhalerao PP, Patil SJ. 2017.  Effects of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen on growth and yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.) var GG-4. International Journal of Chemical Studies 5, 559-562.

Shafeek MR, Ali AH, Mahmoud AR, Hafez MM, Rizk FA. 2015. Improving growth and productivity of garlic plants (Allium sativum L.) as affected by the addition of organic manure and humic acid levels in sandy soil conditions.  International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 2015, 4, 644–656.