Pesticides and our environment

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Research Paper 01/04/2019
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Pesticides and our environment

Farooq Shahzad, Muhammad Kamran Taj, Ferhat Abbas, Imran Taj, Sajida Parveen, Abdul Manan Achakzai, Saima Azam, Ashiq Hussain, Abdul Rasheed Tareen, Ghulam Mohammad, Zohra Samreen, Bibi Sazian, Lal Bibi
Int. J. Biosci.14( 4), 475-479, April 2019.
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Pesticides include insecticides, rodenticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants. Pesticides are used to kill the pests and insects which attack on crops and harm them. Pesticides benefit the crops however, they also impose a serious negative impact on the environment. Environmental impact of a pesticide depends on its dispersion in the environment and on its toxicological properties. Excessive use of pesticides may lead to the destruction of biodiversity. Many birds, aquatic organisms and animals are under the threat of harmful pesticides for their survival. Although pesticides are developed through very strict regulation processes to function with reasonable certainty and minimal impact on human health and the environment. Serious concerns have been raised about health risks resulting from occupational exposure and from residues in food and drinking water. Occupational exposure to pesticides often occurs in the case of agricultural workers in open fields and greenhouses, workers in the pesticide industry, and exterminators of house pests. Pesticide poisonings to wildlife may result from acute or chronic exposure. Additionally, pesticides may impact wildlife via secondary exposure or through indirect effects to the animal or its habitat. When people are exposed to pesticides they may feel dizzy, lightheaded, confused and may have reduced coordination and ability to think.


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