Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | October 1, 2013

| Download

Phylogenetic and in silico analysis of Q gene in wild and cultivar wheat’s

Arash Fazeli, Zeinab Rostami

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.3(10), 66-72, October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.10.66-72


IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Domestication of plant and animals is presses that provide better used of them for human. Wheat is one of the oldest crops that have been domesticated 10,000 years ago. SOS and Q genes have important role in wheat domesticated. Relationship and phylogenetic of Q gene in wheat and wild relatives is very important for breeders. So, new methods such as bioinformatics can be used for this purpose. Bioinformatics analysis display that there is high conservative region among wheat and wild relatives for Q gene. Distance-matrix indicated that Triticum timopheevii and Triticum spelta have highest and lowest similarity with triticum aestivum at nucleotide level. Also phylogenetic three using UPGMA method show that Triticum timopheevii with Triticum aestivum are very closed together that it is possible that Q gene from T. timopheevii (AA genome) via introgression arrived to T. aestivum (AABBDD genome).


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Phylogenetic and in silico analysis of Q gene in wild and cultivar wheat’s

Bennett MD, Leitch IJ. 2010. Plant DNA C-values databas (Release 5.0, Dec. 2010). http://www.kew.org/cvalues/

Brown AHD. 2010. Variation under domestication in plants:1859 and today. Philosophical transaction of the royal society B biology science 365(1552), 2523 –2530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0006

Carver BF. 2009. Wheat science and trade. Wiley,Blackwell, Oxford, UK. Danvers, 569 p.

Feldman MF. 2001. Origin of cultivated wheat, 1 56 p. in The World Wheat Book

Feuillet  C, Muehlbauer  GJ  .2009.  Triticeae genetic  resources  in  ex  situ  genebank  collections. Genetics and Genomics of the Triticea 7, 31 –79.

Gupta PK, Mir RR, Mohan A, Kumar J. 2008. Wheatgenomics: present status and future prospects. International Journal of Plant Genomics. 1 36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/896451

Huang S, Sirikhachornkit A, Faris JD, Xiujuan Su, Gill BS et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of the acetyl-CoA carboxylase and 3-phosphoglycerate kinase loci in wheat and other grasses. Plant Molecular Biology 48, 805 820. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014868320552

Huskins CL. 1946.Fatuoid, speltoid and related mutations of oats and wheat. The Botanical Review 12, 457 514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02861422

Jantasuriyarat C, Vales MI, Watson CJW, Riera-Lizarazu O. 2004. Identification and mapping  of  genetic  loci  affectingthe  free-threshing habit and spike compactness in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108, 261 –273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1432-8

Kato K, Miura H, Sawada S. 1999. QTL mapping of genes controlling ear emergence time and plant height on chromosome 5A of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 98, 472 477.

Kato  K,  Sonokawa  R,  Miura  H,  Sawada  S. 2003. Dwarfing effect associated with the threshability gene Q on wheatchromosome 5A. Plant Breeding 122, 489 –492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.2003.00886.x

Kerber RE, Rowland GG. 1974. Origin of the threshingcharacter in hexaploid wheat. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 16, 145 154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/g74-014

Kihara H. 1924.Cytologische und genetische Studien bei wichtigen Getreidearten mit bsonderer Rucksicht auf das Verhalten der Chromosomen und die Sterilitat in den Bastarden. Mem Coll of Sci, Kyoto Univ B, 1 200.

Kihara H. 1944. Discovery of the DD-analyser, one of the ancestors of Triticum vulgare. Agriculture and Horticulture 19, 889 890.

Kuckuck H. 1959.Neuere arbeiten zur Entstehung der hexaploiden Kulturweizen. Z. Pflanzenzucht 41, 205–226.

Leighty CE, Boshnakian S. 1921. Genetic behavior of the spelt form in crosses between Triticum spelta and Triticum aestivum. Journal of Agricultural Research 7, 335 364.

MacKey J. 1954. Neutron and X-ray experiments in wheat and revision of the speltoid problem. Hereditas 40, 65 180.

Muramatsu M. 1963. Dosage effect of the spelta gene q of hexaploid wheat. Genetics 48, 469 482.

Nesbitt M, Samuel D. 1996. From staple crope to extinction? The archaeology and history of the hulled wheats, in hulled wheats. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops 4, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute , 41 100.

Peng J, Ronin Y, Fahima T, Ro¨ der MS, Li Y, Nevo E, Korol A. 2003. Domestication quantitative trait loci in Triticum dicoccoides, the progenitor of wheat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100, 2489 2494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.252763199

Peng JH, Sun D, nevo E. 2011. Domestication evolution, genetics and genomics in wheat. Molecular breeding 28, 281 301.

Peleg Z, Fahima T, Korol AB, Abbo S, Saranga Y. 2011. Genetic analysis of wheat domestication and evolution under domestication. Journal of Experimental Botany 206 , 1–11

Philiptschenko J. 1934. Genetics of soft wheats. State Press Lit State College Farms. Moscow-Leningrad

Sears ER. 1952. Misdivision of univalents in common wheat. Chromosoma 4,535 550.

Sears ER. 1956. The systematics, cytology and genetics of wheat. Handb Planzenzücht. Second Edition 2, 164–187.

Sears ER. 1954. The aneuploids of common wheat. MO Agr. Exp.Sta. Res. Bull 572, 1 59.

Simons kj. 2005. Cloning and Characterization of the Wheat Domestication Gene, Q. phD thesis, kansas state university, manhatta, kansas, 1 181.

Simons KJ, Fellers JP, Trick HN, Zhang Z, Tai YSH, Gill BS, Faris JD. 2006. Molecular Characterization of the Major Wheat Domestication Gene Q. Genetics 172, 547 555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.105.044727

Unrau J, Smith WE, McGinnis RC. 1950. Spike density,speltoidy and compactoidy in hexaploid wheat. Canadian Journal of Research 28, 273 –276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjr50c-014

Villareal R, Mujeeb-Kazi A, Rajaram S . 1996. Inherintance of threshability in synthetic hexaploid by T. aestivumcrosses. Plant Breeding 115, 407 –409. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.1996.tb00942.x

Watkins AE. 1927. Genetic and cytological studies in wheat. IV. Journal of Genetics 19, 81 96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02983118

Watkins AE. 1928. The genetics of wheat species crosses. I. Journal of Genetics 20, 1 27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02983089

Watkins AE. 1940. The inheritance of glume shape in Triticum. Journal of Genetics 39, 249 264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02982839

Zohary D, Hop f M. 2000. Domestication of plants in the old world. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 316 p.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background