Phylogenetic study some of Crataegus L. (Rosaceae, Pyreae) Species in Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2013
Views (281) Download (5)

Phylogenetic study some of Crataegus L. (Rosaceae, Pyreae) Species in Iran

Fariba Sharifnia, Nasim Seyedipour, Iraj Mehregan, Fahimeh Salimpour
J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 11), 1-11, November 2013.
Certificate: JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Crataegus belongs to Pyreae tribe and Rosaceae family. Crataegus, has about 700 species, distributed mainly in temperate regions of northern Hemisphere. Diagnoses of these species rely on morphological features of leaves, flowers and fruits. We used nuclear (ribosomal ITS) DNA regions to estimate the phylogeny of Crataegus species of Iran. Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian analyses all corroborate the sister group relationship between Crataegus and Mespilus, and Crataegus brachyacantha is sister to the rest of that genus species. According to results, Mespilus is considered as sister group to the monophyletic Crataegus species. Trees are divided into two main brands which show separation of old world from new world species. Accordingly, we (1) suggest the separation of Pentagynae section from Crataegus section (2)recommend the presence of a new subspecies of C. pentagyna from Iran ; (3)relate that C. persica is the synonym of C. meyeri and also C. aminii is the synonym of C. atrosanguinea (4)report the appearance of C. rhipidophylla in North-West of Iran and (5)suggestion of change ranking of C. zarreii as variety of C. azarolus.


Aldasoro JJ, Aedo C, Navarro C. 2005. Phylogenetic and phytogeographical relationships in Maloideae (Rosaceae) based on morphological and anatomical characters. Blumea 50, 3-32.

Browicz, K. 1972. Crataegus L. (Rosaceae). — In: Davis, P.H. (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 4, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, p. 133–147.

Campbell CS, Evans RC, Morgan DR, Dickinson TA, Arsenault MP. 2007. Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history. Plant Systematic and Evolution 266, 119 – 145.

Christensen KI, Zielinski J. 2008. Notes on the genus Crataegus (Rosaceae-Pyreae) in southern Europe, the Crimea and western Asia. Nordic Journal of Botany 26, 344-360.

Christensen KI. 1992. Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and Nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany Monograghs 35,1-199.

Donmez, AA 2004. The Genus Crataegus L. (Rosaceae) with Special Reference to Hybridization and Biodiversity in Turkey, Turkish Journal of Botany 28, 29-37.

Donmez, AA 2009. Crataegus zarrei (Rosaceae), a new species from Iran, Annals Botany Fennici 46, 439-442.

Felsenstein, J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39, 783-791.

Huelsenbeck JP, Ronquist F. 2001. Mr. Bayes a program for the Bayesian inference of phylogeny. Bioinformatics 17, 754-755.

Khatamsaz, M. 1991. The Genus Crataegus L. (Rosaceae) in Iran, Iranian Journal of Botany 5(1), 46-57.

Lo, EYY, Stefanovic S, Dickinson, AT. 2007. Molecular reappraisal of relationships between Crataegus  and  Mespilus  (Rosaceae,  Pyreae)-  two genera or one?. Systematic Botany 32(3), 596-616.

Muir, G, Schlötterer, C. 1999. Limitations to the phylogenetic use of ITS sequences in closely related species and populations – a case study in Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl, Chapter 11 in: Which DNA Marker for Which Purpose? Final Compendium of the Research Project: Development, optimization and validation of molecular tools for assessment of biodiversity in forest trees in the European Union DGXII Biotechnology FW IV Research Program Molecular Tools for Biodiversity, Gillet, EM (ed.).

Pojarkova, AI. 1939. Crataegus L. (Rosaceae) — In:Komarov, V. L. & Yuzepchuk, S. V. (eds.), Flora USSR,vol. 10.Botanicheskii Institut Akademii NaukSSSR, Moscow and Leningrad, p,317–356. [Translated from Russianby Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1971].

Posada D, Crandall KA. 1998. Modeltest testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinfomatics 14, 817-818.

Riedl, H. 1969. Crataegus L. (Rosaceae). In: Rechinger, K. H. (ed. ), Flora Iranica no. 66. Akademische Druck and Verlagsanstalt, Graz, p. 49-65.

Swofford, DL. 2002. PAUP*: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods), version 40b10. Sunderland, Sinauer Associates.

Talent, N, Dickinson, TA. 2005. Polyploidy in Crataegus and Mespilus (Rosaceae, Maloideae), evolutionary inferences from flow cytometery of nuclear DNA amounts, Canadian Journal of Botany 83, 1268-1304.