Physical, chemical and some trace metal analysis of Ugbogui River, Edo State, Nigeria

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Research Paper 11/12/2023
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Physical, chemical and some trace metal analysis of Ugbogui River, Edo State, Nigeria

Iyagbaye O. Rich, Iyagbaye Louis
J. Bio. Env. Sci.23( 6), 47-55, December 2023.
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Abstract

The physical, chemical parameters and some trace metals of Ugbogui in Edo State, Nigeria were investigated from August 2015 to April 2016. Four stations were studied from upstream to downstream using standard methods. A total of thirty-three (33) physical and chemical characteristics and trace metal contents were examined; Air and water temperatures, depth, transparency, colour, turbidity, flow velocity, pH, total alkalinity, conductivity, and dissolved solids. Other includes dissolved oxygen, oxygen saturation, biochemical oxygen demand, chloride, phosphate, sodium, nitrate, sulphate, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, lead, copper, zinc, nickel, cadmium, vanadium, and chromium. Eleven (11) parameters exhibited clear seasonal variations. However, there were highly significant differences (p< 0.01) in the values of depth, colour, total suspended solids, biochemical oxygen demand5, chemical oxygen demand, chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate, sulphate, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, chromium, and cadmium among the stations. The anthropogenic activities had negatively impacted at station 3 of the river, although most of the recorded values were still within permissible limits.

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