Physico-chemical parameters of four sewage treatment plants in Al-Kut Province and their effected in Tigris River, Iraq

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2017
Views (167) Download (26)

Physico-chemical parameters of four sewage treatment plants in Al-Kut Province and their effected in Tigris River, Iraq

Rasha M. Salman
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 1), 257-265, July 2017.
Certificate: JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


The aim of the present study is to know the water specification which ejected from Al-Kut sewage treatment plants in the Tigris River the main great river in Iraq and going through Al- Kut City the center of Wasit Province. It is located 32.51 latitude and 45.82 longitudes and it is situated at elevation 22 meters above sea level. Al Kut City has a population of 315,162 making it the biggest city in Wasit. Four sewage treatment plants stations were selected in Al-Kut City, Bimonthly sampling was carried out from January 2016 till December 2016; two samples were taken each month. Station one was AL- Kafaat plants. The second station was AL-Dewan plants, the third station is AL- Anwar plants and the four stations is AL-Karemia plants. In the present study thirteen physical and chemical parameters were selected on the importance of these parameters. These thirteen parameters are ranged as follows:, water temperature 14 to 35 ºC, pH 7 to 8, EC 1330 to 4800 µS/cm, BOD5 45 to 219 mg/L, TDS 1000 to 2600 g/L, TSS 40 to 340 mg/L, NO3-2 ND to 10 mg/L PO4 -2 ND to 19 mg/L, Sulfate 205 to 1028 mg/L, Cl117 to 501 mg/L, NH3 13 to 84 mg/L, NO2= ND to 0.9 mg/L, H2S 3 to 68 mg/L, COD 108 to 614 mg/L and Oil& Greas 35 to 240 mg/L. Concluded from the current study, all wastewater treatment has a direct impact on the water characteristics of the Tigris River.


Abed Al-Razzaq HT. 2011. Effect of Domestic Wastewater from Pumping Station of Al-Kadimiya on Ecological Properties of Tigris River. MSc. Thesis. College of Science, Baghdad University.

Abumoghli IA, Ghuneium NA. 1991. Manual of water and soil analysis . Jordan Univ., Jordan.

Al-Ani SA. 2002. Effect of Diyala River on the chemical and physical properties of Tigris River in southoren Baghdad region. Ph.D. Thesis, College of Edu. Ibn- Al- Haithem, University of Baghdad: 170 pp.

Al-Kuraishi RA. 2011. A study of the effects of some ecological factors of Kut Dam on the Benthic Invertebrates of River Tigris. MSc. Thesis. College of Science, Baghdad university.

Al-Lami AA, Kassim TI, Dulymi AA. 1999. A limnological study on Tigris River. Iraq. The Sci. J, IAEC., 1, 83-98.

Al-Saadi HA, Hadi RAM, Al-Lami AA. 1989. Limnogical studies on some marsh areas in southern Iraq. Limnogica 20(2).

AL-Zamili HF. 2007. Monthly variations of some environmental factors of AL-Gharraf River, J. of Dhi Qar 3(3), 17-2.

APHA, AWWA, WFF. 2005. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and wastewater, 21th ed., edited by Eaton, A. D.; L. S. Clesceri; E. W. Rice, and A. E. Greenberg. American Water Work Association and Water Environment Federation, USA.

APHA. 1998. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 20th ed.

Bush PB. 2000. Laboratory Results for Fat, Oil and Grease Sample. For: Private Client. University of Georgia Feed and Environmental Water Laboratory.

Canada. 2006. Guidelines for Canadian water quality .Federal–Provincial, Territorial Committee on Drinking water.

Cheepi P. 2012. Musi River Pollution Its Impact on Health and Economic Conditions of Down Stream Villages-A Study. J. of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology 1(4), 40-51, ISSN: 2319-2402.

Elhatip H, Gullu O. 2005. Influence of wastewater Discharges on the water quality of Mamasin Dam watershed in Aksaray, central Anatolian part of Turkey. Environ Geol 48, 829-834.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2012. Attains parent cause category summaries, adapted from doc. No.EPA-841-R-12-104. waters/ir

Fahad KK. 2005. Ecological survey for southern sector of Al-Garaf River, southern Iraq. Ph. D. Thesis. College of Agriculture, University of Basrah. 201p.

Hashim NN. 2010. Investigation of Cadmium and Mercury in Water, Sediments and Some Benthic Invertebrates at section of Tigris River in Baghdad City. MSc. Thesis, College of Science, Baghdad University: 125 PP.

Health Canada. 2012. Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality-Summary Table. Water, Air and Climate Change Bureau, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Hem JD. 1985. Study and Interpretation of the chemical characteristics of Natural water. USGS water supply paper 2254, 263pp.

Joseph NC, Eddy AO, Elijah JP, Ikechukwu ONE. 2011. Physicochemical evaluation of the effects of total suspended solids, total dissolved solids and total hardness concentrations on the water samples in Nsukka Town, Enugu State of Nigeria. Amr. J. Sci 7(5), 827-836.

Lawson EO. 2011. Physico-chemical parameters and heavy metal contents of water from the mangrove swamps of Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Advan. Biol. Res 5(1), 08-21.

Lind OT. 1979. Hand book of common methods in limnology 2nd Ed. London (109).

Maulood BK, Al-Azzawi MN, Saadalla HA. 1994. An ecological study on the Tigris river pre and after crossing Baghdad. J. Coll. Educ. Univ. Baghdad 5(1), 43-50.

Olajire AA, Imeokparia FE. 2000. Water Quality Assessment of Osun River: Studies on Inorganic Nutrients, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 69, 17-28.

Pimental D, Berger B, Filiberto D, Newton M, Wolfe B, Karabinakis E, Clark S, Poon E, Abbett E, Nondagopal S. 2004. Water resources: Agricultural and environmental issues. Bioscience J 54(10), 909-918.

Porteous A. 2000. Dictionary of Environmental Science and Technology; 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., England.

Priestly AJ. 2002. Report on sewage sludge Treatment and Disposal. Environmental Problems and Research Needs from An Australian prospective CSIRO. Division of chemical and polymers 48pp.

Rasha MS, Muhaned RN, Fatima SHM. 2017. Estimating the Water Properties Which Effluent From Sewage Treatment Plants of Al-Kut Province Into the Tigris River, Iraq European Academic Research Vol. IV, Issue 12/ March 2017.

Rasheed RO. 1994. A limnological study on some water systems in Erbil province. Iraq. M.Sc. Thesis. Univ. of Salahaddin-Erbil, Iraq 121pp.

Sadek and Kamel 2007. Seasonal variations in abiotic ecological conditions in Al-Garaf canal one of the main Tigris branches at ThiQar province. J. Coll. Sci. Univ., Basrah 3-6.

Samarghandi M, Nouri J, Mesdaghinia AR, Mahv IAH, Nasseri S, Vaezi F. 2007. Efficiency removal of phenol, lead and cadmium by means of UV/TiO2/H2O2 processes. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech 4(1), 19-25.

Standard Specification of Drinking Water, Iraq. 2001. IQS (no.417), First modernization, the Council of Ministers, Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control, 5pp. [in Arabic].

Uwidia IE, Ademoroti CMA. 2011. Characterization of Domestic Sewage from an Estate in Warri, Nigeria. International J. of Chemis. Vol. 3, No. 3.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1996. Guideline for Drinking Water Quality Health Criteria and Other Supporting Information 2nd. Ed. Vol. 20.Geneva.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1996. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 2nd Ed 206- 951.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2006. Guidelines for drinking-water quality. 3rd. Ed. first addendum, Vol. 1. World Health Organization, Geneva 515 pp.

Yehia HM, Sabae SZ. 2011. Microbial Pollution of Water in El-Salam Canal, Egypt. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci 11, 305-309.

Yuce G, Pinarbasi A, Ozce like S, Ugurlnoglu D. 2006. Soil and water pollution Derived from Anthropogenic Activities in the porsuk Rivre Basin, Turkey. Environ Geol 49, 359-375.