Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Physico-chemistry characterization and zooplankton specific diversity of two fishponds in Yaoundé (Cameroon, Central Africa)

Dakwen Jeannette Prudence, Zébazé Togouet Serge Hubert, Tuekam Kayo Raoul Polycarpe, Djeufa Heuchim Charly, Nziéleu Tchapgnouo Joseph Guy, Foto Menbohan Samuel, Njiné Thomas

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(2), 16-30, February 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The specific composition and structure of zooplankton in two fish ponds (one being natural E1 and the other man-made E2) in Simbock, Yaoundé, was studied in relation to some physico-chemical variables, between April and December 2007. Physico-chemical parameters were measured according to the techniques described by APHA (1985). Biological analysis was done, using specific identification keys. Sixty nine zooplankton species, mostly coastal, periphytic and cosmopolitan, were identified, rotifers being the most abundant (71%). Eight of these species were recorded for the first time in Cameroon: the Copepod Diaptomus sp., the Rotifer Macrochaetus sp. and the Cladocerans Leydigia australia, Pleuroxus chappuini, Daphnia magna, Chydorus baroisi, Guernella monodi, Moinodaphnia macleayi. Zooplankton abundance was low (less than 400 ind. / L) throughout the study. Thus the water bodies showed limited food resources. Cladocerans density was high before the stoking (at the beginning of the study) and became very low one month after. This group is probably a preferred food for fry and juvenile fish. Index values of Shannon and Weaver together with Evenness of Pielou demonstrated that these environments are highly diverse and reveals a more or less equal distribution between species. Biocenotic and biotic parameters confirmed that these waters are oligotrophic (E1) and oligomesotrophic (E2); therefore they can’t fully meet the expectations of the farmers. It is recommended that farmers should have a basic understanding of the biology and ecology of the water bodies used for fish production.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Physico-chemistry characterization and zooplankton specific diversity of two fishponds in Yaoundé (Cameroon, Central Africa)

Amoros C. 1984. Crustacés cladocères .Introduction pratique à la systématique des organismes des eaux continentales françaises. Bull. Mens. Soc. Lin. Lyon, 3, 53-63.

Angeli N. 1980. Interactions entre la qualité des eaux et les éléments de son plancton. In : La pollution des eaux continentales. Incidence sur la biocénose aquatique, Edit. Gauthier-Villars, Paris, 97-146.

Angelier E. 2000. Ecologie des eaux courantes. Tec et Doc. Ed. Paris, 199 p.

Ayoagui ASM, Bonecker CC. 2004. Rotifers in different environments of the upper Parana River floodplain (Brazil): richness, abundance and the relationship to connectivity. Hydrobiol., 522, 281-290.

Barbault R. 1990. Ecologie animale ; Masson, Paris, 255 p.

Benndorf J, Henning M. 1989. Daphnia and toxics blooms of Microcystis aeruginosa in Bautzen Reservoir (GDR). Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol., 74, 233-248.

Branco CWC, Rocha MIA, Pinto GFS, Gomara GA, De Filippo R. 2002. Limnological features of funil Reservoir (R.J., Brazil) and indicator properties of rotifers and cladocerans of the zooplankton community. Lakes Reserv. Res and Manage, 7, 87-92.

Brassard D. 2009. Variabilité à long terme des cladocères dans les lacs de la forêt bonéale soumis à des perturbations naturelles et anthropiques, Mémoire de Maitrise, Université du Québec (Chicoutimi, canada), 42 p. + annexes.

Caplancq. 1982. Phytoplancton et production primaire. In Ecologie du plancton des eaux continentales. R. Pourriot éd., Masson, Paris, 1-48

Dumont HJ. 1977. Biotic factors in the population dynamics of rotifers. Arch. Hydrobiol., 8, 98-122.

Dussart BH. 1980. Les crustacés copépodes d’Afrique, catalogue et Biogéographique. Hydrobiol, 72, 165-170.

Dussart BH, Defaye D. 1995. Copepoda:Introduction to the copepoda. Guide to the identification to the micro invertebrate of the continental waters of the world 7, Dumont H. j. Ed, S. P. B., Acad.Publ, The Hague, 276 p.

Efole Ewoukem T, Aubin J, Tomedi Eyango M, Mikolasek O, Corson MS, Tchoumboué J, Van der Werf HMG, Ombredane D. 2010. Environmental impacts of farms integrating aquaculture and agriculture in Cameroon. Proceeding of LCAfood 2010, (1), 375-380

Fernando CH. 2002. Introduction in a guide to tropical fresh water zooplankton .Identification ecology and impact on fisheries. Ed. Fernando C. H. Leiden (Netherlands), 290 p.

Gosselain V, Viroux L, Descy JP. 1998. Can community of small-bodies grazers control phytoplankton in rivers, Fresh. Biol., 3, 9-24

Gras R, Dussart B. 1966. Faune planctonique du lac Tchad. In : Crustacés copépodes. Cahier ORSTOM, série Oceanographie, 3, 77-91.

Green J. 1977. Dwarfing of rotifers in tropical crater lakes. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beich, 8, 232-236.

Green J, Kling GW. 1988. The genus Daphnia in Cameroun, West Africa. Hydrobiol., 160, 257-261.

Haberman J. 1998. Zooplankton of Lake Vörtsjärv. Limnologica, 28, 49-65.

Josee de Paggi, Koste WI. 1995. Addition to the checklist of Rotifers of the super order Monogononta recorded from Neotropis. Int. Revue Ges. Hydrobiologia, 80, 133-140

Kling G. 1988. Comparative transparency, depth of mixing and stability of stratification in lakes of Cameroon, West Africa. Limnology and Oceanography, 33, 27-40

Koste W. 1978. Rotatoria die rädertiere mitteleuropos. Edit. BORN TRAEGE, Belin, 2 volumes, 673 and 234 p.

Lacroix E.  2004.  Pisciculture  en  Zone  Tropicale. GFA Terra Systems, Hambourg, 225 p.

Lair N, Reyes-Marchand, Jacquet V. 1998. Développement du phytoplancton, des ciliés et des rotifères sur deux sites de la Loire moyenne (France) en période d’étiage, Annls Limnol., 34, 35-48.

Legende L, Watt WD. 1972. On a rapid technic for a plankton enumeration, Annls. Inst. Oceanography. XL VIII, 173-177.

Mac Naugit DC. 1975. A hypothesis to explain the succession from calanoids to cladocerans during eutrophication. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol.,19, 724-731

Nogrady T, Pourriot R. 1995. Rotifera volume 3: The Nommatidae and the Scarridiidae. Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental water of the world, vol.8, H.j. Dumont edit., SPB Academic Publishing, La Haye, 248 p.

Nogueira M G. 2001. Zooplankton composition, dominance and abundance as indicators of environmental compartmentalization in Jurumirim Reservoir (Paranapanema river) Säo Paulo, Brazil, Hydrobiol., 455, 1-18.

Nzieleu Tchapgnowo JG, Njiné T, Zébazé Togouet SH, Djutso Segnou SC, Mahamat Tahir TS, Tchakonté S et Pinel-Alloul B. 2012. Diversité spécifique et abondance des communautés de Copépodes, Cladocères et Rotifères des lacs du complexe Ossa (Dizangué, Cameroun). Physio-Géo-Géographie Physique et Environnement, VI, 71-93.

Okogwu OI. 2009. Seasonal variations of species composition and abundance of zooplankton in Ehoma Lake, a floodplain lake in Nigeria. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 58, (1), 171-182.

Pace ML. 1986. An empirical analysis of zooplankton community size structure across lake trophic gradients. Limnol. Oceanogr., 31, 45-55.

Piasecki W, Goodurin AE, Eiras JC, Nowak BF. 2004. Importance of Copepoda in freshwater aquaculture. Zoological studies, 43, (2), 193- 205.

Pourriot R. 1968. Rotifères du lac Tchad. Bulletin IFAN, 30, 471-496.

Pourriot R, Francez AJ. 1986. Rotifères. Introduction pratique à la systématique des organismes des eaux continentales françaises. Bull. Mens. Soc. Lin. Lyon, 8, 1-37

Rey J, Saint-Jean L. 1980. Branchiopodes (Cladocères) In : IDT ORSTOM, Flore et faune aquatique de l’Afrique sahélo-soudanienne I, Paris, p 307-332

Santos VB, Yoshihara E, Freitas RTF, Neto RVR. 2007. Exponential growth model of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) strains considering heteroscedastic variance. Aquaculture, 274, 96-100.

Schlumberger O. 2002. Mémento de pisciculture d’étang. 4e édition, Cemagref, Paris, 238 p.

Shiel RJ. 1995. A guide to identification of Rotifers Cladocerans and Copepods from australian indland water. Edit CRCFE-MDBC, Alhury (Australie), and Identification guide N ° 3, 144 p.

Suchel JB. 1987. La répartition des pluies et des régions pluviométrique au Cameroun. Thèse de doctorat d’Etat, université de Bordeaux III. Travaux et document de Géographie Tropicale, vols 5, 288 p.

Tamassia STJ. 2011. Indicadores técnico-econômicos para o gerenciamento do modelo alto vale do itajaí de piscicultura integrada (MAVIPI). Tese em Aquicultura do Centro de Aquicultura da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), São Paulo, Brésil, 230 p.

Thouvenot A, Debroas D, Richardot M, Devaux J. 1999. Bacterivory of metazooplancton,ciliates and flagellates in a newly flooded reservoir. J. Plankton Res., 21, 1659-1679

Tundisi-Matsumura T, Leitäo SN, Miyahara J. 1990. Eutrofizaçäo da Represa de bara bonita : Estrutura e organizaçäo da comunidade de Rotifera. Rev. Brazil. Biol., 50, 923-935.

Wylie JL, Currie DJ. 1991. The relative importance of bacteria and algae as food source for crustacean zooplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr., 36, 708-728.

Zébazé Togouet SH. 2000. Biodiversité et dynamique des populations du zooplancton (ciliés, Rotifères, Cladocères, et Copépodes) au lac municipal de Yaoundé (Cameroun). Thèse de 3e cycle, Université de Yaoundé I (Cameroun), 175 p.

Zébazé Togouet SH, Njiné T, Kemka N, Nola M, Foto Menbohan S, Monkiédje A, Niyitegeka D, Sime-Ngando T, Jugnia LB. 2005. Variations spatiales et temporelles de la richesse et de l’abondance des rotifères (Brachionidae et Trichocercidae) et des cladocères dans un petit lac artificiel eutrophe situé en zone tropicale in : Rev. Sci. Eau, 18/4, 485-505.

Zébazé Togouet SH, Njiné T, Kemka N, Niyitegeka D, Nola M, Foto Menbohan S, Djuikom E, Ajeagah G, Dumont HJ. 2006. Biodiversity and spatial distribution of Rotifera in a shallow hypereutrophic tropical lake (Cameroun). Journal of the Cameroun Academy of Sciences, 3, 149-165.

Zébazé Togouet SH, Njiné T, Kemka N, Foto Menbohan S, Niyitegeka D, Nola M, Bilong Bilong CF, Boutin C. 2007. Spatio-temporal distribution of crustacean zooplankton (Copépoda, Cladocera) in a shallow hypereutrophic lake of tropical Africa. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat., Toulouse 143, 49-58.

Zébazé Togouet SH. 2008. Structure de la communauté zooplanctonique et eutrophisation du Lac Municipal de Yaoundé. Thèse de Doctorat d’Etat ès Sciences en Biologie Animale, Université de Yaoundé I, 201 p.

Zébazé Togouet SH, Tuékam Kayo RP, Boutin C, Nola M, Foto Menbohan S. 2011. Impact de la pression anthropique sur l’eau et la faune aquatique des puits et sources de la région de Yaoundé (Cameroun, Afrique Centrale). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 147, 27-36.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background