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Physico-morphological response and fruit performance index of four different grapes (Vitis vinifera L.)varieties grown under semi-arid environmental condition of Balochistan-Pakistan

Noor-Ud-Din, Saadullah Khan Leghari, Kanval Shaukat, Muhammad Anwar Panezai, Muhammed Alam Mangal, Manzoor Iqbal Khattak, Mohammed Kashif, Mahjabeen Tafazzul, Abdul Samad

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Int. J. Biosci.15(5), 282-295, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.282-295


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The study area (Mastung) is the main growing region of thecommercially important fruit crops especially grapes (Vitis vinifera L.), therefore the main objective of this study was to examine approximately all important grape characteristics of four local varieties (Saibi, Kaduko, Kishmishi and Aitha) of Mastung region and the results revealed novel information required to explain best grapes for farming. Allphysio-morphologicalattributes and fruit performance index of examined grapes varieties were determined through different standard techniques.Data showed the highest average No. of bunches/vine and No. of berries per vine (66.33/vine and 5549/vine) were recorded in ‘Kaduko’ while the maximum No of berry per bunch (124.0/bunch) was found in ‘Kishmishi’ variety. Statistics regarding soluble solids concentrations (SSC) in different grape berries at harvest exhibited significant variation that ranged from 29.2 – 34.4 %. The range of total sugars in four grapes varieties were 15.6 – 21.5 %. Leaf area index (LAI) and Relative Growth Rate (RGR) in four grape varieties ranged between 1.24 – 1.4 (m2 m-2) m2/m2 and 12.0 – 12.7 cm cm-1 month-1 respectively.Resultalso indicated that the grape variety ‘Kishmishi’ was found as early variety, ‘Saibi’ and ‘Kaduko’ as mid and ‘Aitha’ variety was recorded as late variety.Statistical analysis indicated that almost all investigated grapes berry morphological and yield variables found significantly different among the four grapes varieties at P≤ 0.05 significance level.Data concerning Fruit quality assessment (FQA) by fruit Quality characteristics/fruit performance index (FPI) and valuation classes designated that the grape variety ‘Kishmishi’ and ‘Saibi’ owed to the uppermost grade points and decent economic value and are predictable to be the best performers. So, the grapes variety ‘Kishmishi’ and ‘Saibi’ are recommended to be cultivated in the agro-climatic conditions of Mastung (study area).


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Physico-morphological response and fruit performance index of four different grapes (Vitis vinifera L.)varieties grown under semi-arid environmental condition of Balochistan-Pakistan

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