Int. J. Biosci.16(2), 272-278, February 2020
The date palm Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. is an agricultural plant of remarkable importance in south Asian countries and its seeds have significant amount of oil which has great biochemical properties. In this study, the physiochemical properties of seed oil extracted from Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb has been evaluated which are related with its biochemical properties. The viscosity, density, refractive index, specific gravity, acid value, saponification value, total phenolic content of oil extracted from soxhlet extraction were evaluated and other physical parameters of seed (i.e. length, weight, moisture content, ash content) were determined. The following values were obtained respectively: viscosity 20.313 mPa.s, density 0.9254 g/dm3, refractive index 1.432, specific gravity 0.935, acid value 2.516, saponification value 210.369mg KOH/g, total phenolic content 3.641 mg GAE/ 100g, moisture content 7.283% and ash content 1.152%. Results showed that the seed oil of Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb has significant nutritional values that can be used in industrial products.
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