Phytoremediation of diamond mines wastewater using water hyacinth

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Research Paper 01/01/2020
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Phytoremediation of diamond mines wastewater using water hyacinth

M. Hafidhuddin Noor, Akhmad Gazali, Mijani Rahman, Nia Kania
J. Bio. Env. Sci.16( 1), 99-108, January 2020.
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Phytoremediation is used as a technology that utilizes plants and microorganisms to treat diamond mine wastewater. The water is known to pollute the Basung River which flows in the area. According to data from the results of water quality monitoring by the Banjarbaru City Environmental Agency in 2016 showed that the Basung River water quality was in the medium polluted category and the water was not suitable for consumption. Water Hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes) was chosen to remediate diamond mine wastewater. Unfortunately, the ideal amount of water hyacinth (biomass) used to remediate wastewater has not been much studied. Therefore, this research aims to determine the proper water hyacinth biomass used for phytoremediation in reducing the value of the diamond mine wastewater pollution index. This research was conducted by varying the water hyacinth biomass to 0g, 250g, 500g, 750g, 2000g. The parameters in this research were temperature, pH, Turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), Ammonia, Nitrate, Nitrite, Iron, Manganese. Water sample testing would be carried out on days 0, 3rd, 5th and 7th. The results showed that in all variations of biomass, water hyacinth was able to reduce levels of pollutants in diamond mine wastewater more than 50% with the highest reduction efficiency by using the variation of water hyacinth biomass 500g.


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