Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria)

Research Paper | May 1, 2018

| Download 4

Meriem Kleche, A Dahdouh, Rachid Rouag, Nadia Ziane, Kamel Boucherit, Houria Djebar

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 5), 129-139, May 2018


JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Phytoremediation is an environmental rehabilitation technique that uses the ability of plants to remove, contain, or make pollutants less toxic. A phytoremediation study was carried out at Seybouse River (Annaba) Nord-eastern of Algeria. The study focused on assessment of organic pollutants accumulation in certain aquatic macrophytes used as biomonitors in comparison with the station of treatment. The biological treatment of wastewater collected before the entrance to the station of treatment was compared with the purified water by the resort itself. For these test two varieties of marsh plants reeds “Phragmites australis” and lesser bulrush “Typha angustifolia” was conducted to verify their effectiveness in the treatment of water heavily loaded with pollutant. Results showed that water quality was comparatively better after phytoremediation. The physicochemical analysis after purification with both macrophytes showed a significant reduction of suspended matter (- 75.54 % with reeds and – 71.55% with lesser bulrush), Chemical Oxygen Demand COD (- 65.72% with reeds and 52.55 % with lesser bulrush), Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD5 (- 95.14 % with reeds and – 65.63 % with lesser bulrush) and nitrates (- 84.32 % with reeds and – 70.73% with lesser bulrush) and nitrites (- 45.61 % with reeds and -14.03 % with lesser bulrush). Our results confirmed the involvement of enzymes of metabolism in the roots, with the increase in total protein levels and proline reflecting intense root metabolism in a polluted environment.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria)

Adjeb M, kezaneS. 1998. Étude de l’héritabilité de la proline chez un croisement de blé dur «Triticum durum, Derf».  D.E.S. thesis (unpublished).  Dept. of biology. Univ. Badji Mokhtar., Annaba.

Aminot A, Chaussepied M.1983. Manuel des analyses chimiques en milieu marin. Ed. Cnexo, Paris. 395 p.

Baldantoni D, Maisto G, Bartoli G, Alfani A. 2005. Analyses of three native aquatic plant species to assess spatial gradients of Lake trace element contamination. Aquatic Botny 83, 48-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2005.05.006

Baumont S, Camard JP, Le franc A, Franconi A. 2004. Réutilisation des eaux usées épurées: risques sanitaires et faisabilité en Île-de-France. Observatoire régional de santé d’Ile-de-France. Rapport ORS, 220 p.

Bhatia M, GoyalD. 2014. Analyzing remediation potential of wastewater through wetland plants. A review. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy 33(1), 9–27. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.11822

Bowes G, BeerS. 1987. Physiological Plant Processes: Photosynthesis. Aquatic plant for water treatment and resource recovery. Reddy, K. R. and Smith, W. H. Orlando, Mangnolia Publishing Inc. 311-335.

Bradford, M. 1976. A Rapid and Sensitive Method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principal of protein-Dye Binding. Analytical Biochemistry72, 248-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(76)90527-3

Cooper PF. 1990. European design and operations guidelines for reed bed treatment systems. Conference (unpublished). Cambridge (England).

Copper P, Green B. 1998. Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Europe. Ed. Vymazal J., Brix H., Cooper P.F, Green M.B, Haberl R.; Backhuys Publishers, Leiden (Netherlands)  315-335.

Den Hartog, Kvet CJ, SukoppH. 1989. Reed. A common species in decline. Aquatic Botany 35:1-4

Dreider W, Gauring M. 1974. Einfluss hoher salzkonzentrationent auf verschidene  physiologische parameter von maiswurzeln wiss. Z. der HU. Berlin Nath Naturwiss R 23, 641-644.

Driouich A, Ouhssine M, Ouassou A, Bengueddour R. 2001. Effet du NaCl sur l’activité du phosphénol pyruvate carboscylase foliaire et son rôle sur la synthèse du malate et de la proline chez le blé dur (Triticum durum, Desf). Science Letters 3(3), 1-7.

Dushenkov V, Kumar PBAN, Motto H, RaskinI. 1995. Rhizofiltration: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from aqueous streams. Environmental Science and Technology 29, 1239-1245. https://doi.org/10.1021/es00005a015

Geneviève T. 2002. L’épuration industrielle ou groupée par lagunage. Extrait du bulletin communal de Septembre.

Golda AE, Poyyamoli G, Nandhivarman M. 2014. Efficacy of phytoremediation potential of aquatic macrophyte for its applicability in treatment wetlands: A review of developments and research. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 6(10), 267–78. https://doi.org/IJWREE2013.0439

Hancock JR, Lakshime Budd H. 1991. Advanced wastewater treatment with lemna technology. Lemna Corporation. International symposium. Florida. 21 p.

Kadlec RH, KnigntRL. 1996. Treatement wetlands. CRC Press/lewis Publishers, Boca raton, Florida. 893 p.

Kadlec RH. 2008. Comparison of free water and horizontal subsurface treatment wetlands. Ecological Engineering 35, 159–74.

Krämer U. 2005. Phytoremediation: novel approaches to cleaning up polluted soils. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 16(2), 133-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2005.02.006

Lagadic L, Caquet T, Amiard JC. 1997. Biomarqueurs en écotoxicologie. Aspects fondamentaux, Ed Masson, France, 196 p.

Machado AP, Urbano L, Brito AG, Janknecht P, Salas JJ, Nogueira R. 2007. Life cycle assessment of wastewater treatment options for small and decentralized communities, Water Science and Technology 56(3), 15-22. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.497

Martin CD, Moshiri GA. 1994. Nutrient reduction in an in-series constructed   wetland system treating landfill leachate. Water Science Technology 29(4), 267-272.

Mizi A. 2006. Traitement des eaux de rejets d’une raffinerie des corps gras région de Bejaia et valorisation des déchets oléicoles. Doctorat thesis (unpublished).  Department of Biology. University of Badji Mokhtar., Annaba.

Monneveux P, Nemmar M. 1986. Contributions à l’étude de la résistance à la sécheresse chez le blé tendre (Triticum aestivum L.) et chez le blé dur (Triticum durum, Desf): Étude de l’accumulation de la proline au cours du cycle de développement. Agronomie 6, 583-590.

Pilon Smits E. 2005. «Phytoremediation», Annual Review of Plant Biology. 56, 15-39.

Prasad MNV, FreitasH, FraenzleS, WuenschmannS, MarkertB.2010. Knowledge explosion in phytotechnologies for environmental solutions. Environmental Pollution 158, 18-23.

Pride RE, Nohrstedt SJ, Benefield LD. 1990. Utilization of created wetlands to upgrade small municipal wastewater systems. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 50, 371-385.

Raskin I, Smith RD, Salt DE. 1997. Phytoremediation of metals: Using plants to remove pollutants from the environment. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 8(2), 221–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-1669(97)80106-1

Reddy KR, D’AngeloEM. 1997. Biogeochemical indicators to evaluate pollutant removal efficiency in constructed wetlands. Water Science Technology  35, 1-10.

Rodier J, Bazin C, Broutin JP, Chambon P, Champsaur H, Rodi L. 2005. L’analyse de l’eau : eaux naturelle, eau résiduaires et l’eau de mer. 8éme Ed. Dounod, Paris. 1383 p.

Rodier J. 1996. Analyse de l’eau naturelle, eaux résiduaires et eau de mer. Edition Dounod. 1134 p.

Salt DE, Blaylock M, Kumar NPBA, Dushenkov V, Ensley D, Chet I, RaskinI.1995. Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants. Biotechnology 13, 468-474.

Sandermann H. 1992. Plant metabolism of xenobiotic. Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 17, 82-84.

Sankar U. 2000. Economic analysis of environmental problems industries. UNDP. Report Chennai Madras School of economies allied Publishers. New Delhi.

Shah K, Dubey RS. 1998. Effect of Cadmium on praline accumulation and ribonuclease activity in rice seeding: role of praline as a possible enzyme protectant. Biologiae Plantarum 40, 121-130.

Shraddha S, Shukla A, Potts RJ, Osier M, Hart BA, Chiu JF. 2004. Cadmium-mediated oxidative stress in alveolar epithelial cells induces the expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase catalytic subunit and glutathione S-transferase alpha and piisoforms: potential role of activator protein. Cell biology and toxicology 16,347- 62.

Solt JP, Sneller FEC, Bryngelsson T, Lundborg T, Scht H. 2003. Phytochelatin and cadmium accumulation in weat. Environmental and experimental botany 49, 21-28.

Tchobanoglous G. 1987. Aquatic plant systems for water treatment: engineering consideration. In: Aquatic Plants for Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery. Reddy K.R. and Smith W.H. (Edit), Magnolia Publishing Inc, Orlando 27-48.

Troll WJ, Lindesley J. 1955. A photometric for the determination proline. J. Biochem 215, 655-660.