Phytosociological and ethnobotanical attributes of Skimmia laureola

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2012
Views (141) Download (10)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Phytosociological and ethnobotanical attributes of Skimmia laureola

Barkatullah, Muhammad Ibrar, Ghulam Jelani, Lal Badshah
Int. J. Biosci.2( 12), 75-84, December 2012.
Certificate: IJB 2012 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Skmmia laureola grow gregariously in shady forest at altitude ranging from 7000 to 8800 feet. Leaves are also used as coughs remedy and commercially harvested as flavoring agent in food, and in traditional healing. These are made into garlands and considered sacred culture practices. Smoke from the leaves and twig is considered demon repellent. The smoke of the dry leaves is used for nasal tract clearness. It is also used for cold, fever and headache treatment. A total of 44 species were found in association with Skimmia laureola in different localities. Seven species including Adiantum venustum, Fragaria vesica, Indigofera heterantha, Isodon rugosus, Podophyllum hexandrum, Pteridium aquilinum and Taxus baccata were found to be the constant species in all six stands studied. Density hectare-1 values showed quite large values, ranging from 312 to 4437.5. A highest value was found in Bahrain, Swat while lowest value was recorded from Tajaka-Barawal, Upper Dir. Regression analyses were carried out to find out Correlation of altitude with Density hectare-1, importance values and importance value indices.ethnobotanical studies and marketing of the plant has also been carried out.

VIEWS 9

Anonyous. 1991. A guide to a global environment. World FAO Resources. p, 383.

Biology Barkatullah, Ibrar M, Hussain F. 2009. Ethnobotanical studies of plants of Charkotli Hills, Batkhela District, Malakand, Pakistan. Frontier of Biology in China 4(4), 539-548.

Bhattarai N, Karki M. 2006. Community management of Medicinal plants in nepal: Practices and trends towards Sustainability. Expert workshop on assessing the Sustainable yield in medicinal and Aromatic plant collection.

Bin C, Xiaoru W, Lee FSC. 2001. Pyrolysis coupled with atomic absorption spectrometry for determination of mercury in Chinese medicinal materials. Analytica Chimica Acta 447 (1-2), 161-169.

Boggs K. 2000. Classification of community types, successional sequences and landscapes of the Copper River Delta, Alaska. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-469. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR. p. 244.

Curtis JT, Cottam G. 1956. Plant ecology works book. Laboratory field reference manual. Burgess publishing co. Minnisota.

Daubenmire RF. 1959. A canopy coverage method of vegetation analysis. Northwest Sciences., 33, 43-46.

Ewald J.  2003.  A  critique  for  phytosociology. Journal of Vegetation Sciences 14(2), 291-296.

Hamayun M, Khan  MA,  Begum  S.  2003. Marketing of medicinal plants of Utror-Gabral valleys, Swat, Pakistan. Ethnobotanical Leaflets.

Hamayun M, Afzal S, Khan MA. 2006. Ethnopharmacology, indigenous collection and preservation techniques of some frequently used medicinal plants of utror and gabral, district swat, Pakistan. African journal of Traditional, complementary and alternative medicines 3(2), 57-73.

Haq I. 1983. Economic and therapeutic importance of medicinal plants. Report of Ministry of Health, Govt. of Pakistan. Hamdard Foundation Press, Pakistan, p. 1 – 13.

Hassan-Ud-Din, Ghazanfar S. 1980. Rutaceae. Flora of Pakistan 132, 10-15.

Hinterlang D. 1992. Vegetationsökologie der Weichwasserquellgesell schaftenzentral europäischer Mittelgebirge. Crunoecia 1, 1-117.

Hussain F. 1989. Field and Laboratory Manual for Plant Ecology. Univ. Grants Commission, Pakistan.

Ibrar M, Hussanin F, Amir S. 2007. Ethnobotanical studies on plant resources of Ranyal Hills, District Shangla, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39(2), 329-337.

Igoli JO, Ogaji OG, Tor-Anyiin TA, Igoli NP. 2005.Traditional medicine practice amongstthe Igede people of Nigeria. Part II. African journal of Traditional, complementary and alternative medicines 2, 134-152.

Jackson ML. 1958. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. p. 111-498.

Joan LGB, Baart-Bremer LE, Sagar MZ. 2004. Names of Plants in Kalam Kohistani (Pakistan). Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session, vol. 48.

KuferJ, Forther J, Poll E, Heinrich M. 2005. Historical and modern medicinal plant uses the example of the Ch’orti’ Maya and Ladinos in Eastern Guatemala. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology . 57, 1127–1152.

Mueller-Dumbois, Ellenburg H. 1974. Aims and methods of Vegetation Ecology Willey Int. Edi. New York.

Piper CS. 1966. Soil and Plant Analysis. Hans Pub., Bombay. p. 368.

Phillips EA. 1959. Methods of Vegetation Study. A Holt- Dryden Book. Henry Holt & Co.

Polunin O, Stainton A. 1984. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press.

Qureshi RA, Ghufran MA, Gilani SA,Yousaf Z, Abbas G, Batool A. 2009. Indigenous medicinal plants used by local women in Southern Himalayan regions of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(1), 19-25.

Rashid A, Swati MF, Sher H, Al- Yemeni MN. 2011. Phytoecological evaluation with detail floristic appraisal of the vegetation arround Malam Jabba, Swat, Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1(6), 461-467.

Rayan MG, Binkley D, Fownes JH. 1997. Age-related decline in forest productivity: pattern and process. Advances in Ecological Research. 27, 214– 262.

Salva A, Antonnacci L, Fortunato RH. 2001. Screening of some plants from Northern Argentina for their antimicrobial activity. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 32, 293-297.

Shah GM, Khan MA. 2006. Checklist Of Medicinal Plants Of Siran Valley, Mansehra, Pakistan. Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 10, 63-71.

Sharma CM, Kumar A. 1991. Community structure of some Natural forest stands in landowne forest range of Garhwal Himalaya. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 5(1), 8-12.

Sher H, Elyemeni M, Hussain K. 2011. Ethnobotanical and Economic Observations of Some Plant Resources from the Northern Parts of Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 9, 27-41.

Siddiqui MF, Ahmed M, Wahab M, Khan N, Khan MU, Nazim K, Hussain SS. 2009. Phytosociology of Pinus roxburghii Sargent. (chir pine) in lesser Himalayan and Hindu Kush range of Pakistan. Pakistan journal of Botany 41(5), 2357-2369.

Subbiah BV, Asija CL. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Sciences 25, 328.

Tor-Anyiin TA, Shaato R, Oluma HOA. 2005. Ethnobotanical survey of antimalarial medicinal plants amongst the Tiv people of Nigeria. Journal of herbs, spices and medicinal plants 10, 61-74.

Watanabe PS, Olsen SR. 1965. Test of an ascorbic acid method for determining phosphate in water and NaHCO3 extracts from soil. Proceedings – Soil Science Society of America 29, 677-678.