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Research Paper | January 1, 2018

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Plant growth and yield of soybean and sweet corn by application soil amendment and cropping pattern on podzolic soil

Teuku Fachrul Razie, Syakur, Bakhtiar Basyah

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12(1), 77-83, January 2018

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Abstract

Efforts to improve the properties of podzolic can be done by application soil amendment for example cow dung and biochar. Application of soil amendment can be combined with cropping patterns to increase growth and yield of plant. This research aims to study the growth rate and yield of soybean and sweet corn by application of soil amendment and cropping patterns on podzolic soil. This research was conducted in Teurebeh Village, Kota Jantho, Regency of Aceh Besar, and in Plant Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from June 2016 to January 2017. This research used a Randomized Block Design with 3 replications and two factors, i.e. soil amendment (NPK 400kg ha-1, biochar 10-ton ha-1, cow dung 10-ton ha-1, biochar 10-ton ha-1 + NPK 400kg ha-1, cow dung 10-ton ha-1 + NPK 400kg ha-1) and cropping pattern (soybean monoculture, sweet corn monoculture, intercropping (soybeans-sweet corn). The results showed that the soil amendment had not significantly affected on all parameters. In general, the cropping pattern had significantly affected on all parameters of observation where monoculture increase changes in plant height and yield of soybeans and sweet corn than intercropping. The highest level of sugar content was found in intercropping with NPK, while the highest LER value was shown in Biochar + NPK that was 1.45.

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Plant growth and yield of soybean and sweet corn by application soil amendment and cropping pattern on podzolic soil

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