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Pollination and yield components of Physalis minima (Solanaceae) as affected by the foraging activity of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and compost at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon)

Research Paper | September 1, 2017

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Jackson Dapsia Djakbé, Albert Ngakou, Wékéré Christian, Esaïe Faïbawe, Nestor- Fernand Fohouo Tchuenguem

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.11( 3), 43-60, September 2017


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This research was conducted to assess the interactions between compost and honeybee on P. minima yields in the field from April to August 2015 and 2016 at Dang. A total of 600 and 540 flowers were labeled in 2015 and 2016 respectively, then divided into twelve treatments each year, differentiated according to whether subplots were applied with compost, chemical fertilizer or not, flowers were protected from insect activities or not, flowers were protected then opened only to A. mellifera or closed without insect visits. The foraging behavior of A. mellifera on flowers, the mature fruits rate, the number of seeds per fruit, and the percentage of normal seeds were evaluated. Results indicate that A. mellifera foraged on P. minima flowers from 06.00 am to 6.00 pm and throughout the blooming period. This bee intensively harvested nectar and pollen. In compost treatment, the mature fruits rate and the number of seeds per fruit of unprotected flowers were significantly higher than those of flowers protected from insects. Through its pollination efficiency, A. mellifera increased the mature fruits rate by 21.43% and the number of seeds per fruit by 8.06%. The synergistic activity of A. mellifera and compost contributed to enhance mature fruits rate by 26.10% and the number of seeds per fruit by 14.80%. Hence, applying P. minima with compost and conserving A. mellifera colonies close to P. minima fields could be recommended to improve its fruit production and maintain honeybee colonies during the rainy season.


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