Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 1, 2014

| Download 3

Pomological diversity of fig (Ficus carica L.) accessions of kermanshah, Iran

Kyomars Abbasi 1and Isa Arji

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(3), 202-209, September 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The fig (Ficus carica L.) is one of the oldest fruit trees cultivated in Iran. Kermanshah province is located in the west of Iran. It have sub climate that fig grow by farmers and have some genotypes as wild fig. Many specific fig genotypes are much appreciated locally and nationally. Identification of plant germplasms is very important for each country, so this study was focused on fig accessions in farmer orchard of Kermanshah province. Results revealed a large variability within the local fig accessions, so 23 different accessions were distinguished in this work. A total of 28 quantitative and qualitative fruit traits were determined according to the fig descriptors prepared by SPCRI (2008). All quantitative and qualitative fruit traits were not suitable for fig identification. Selecting the most informative variables is very important to facilitate the fig identification. In this study, variable were selected based on Pearson correlation and 11 quantitative and qualitative fruit traits from the initial 28 variables were used for cluster and principal component analysis (PCA). The first four components (PC1-PC4) explained more than 71.72 % of total variability. The first three components PCA was discriminated the sampled accessions in five groups and accounted for about 61.4% of the total variability among the fig accessions. Cluster analysis was performed using these 11 factors and accessions were divided into 5 main clusters. These results reveal that there are a lot of local fig accessions that are very important in genetic pool of fig in Iran.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Pomological diversity of fig (Ficus carica L.) accessions of kermanshah, Iran

Achtak H, Oukabli A, Ater M, Santoni S, Kjellberg F, Khadari B. 2009. Microsatellite markers as reliable tools for fig cultivar identification. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 134, 624–631.

Aka-Kaçar Y, Küden AB, Çetiner MS. 2003. Identification of Varietal Polymorphism in Ficus carica L. by RAPD (Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA) Markers. Acta Hortculturae 598, 167-172.

Aliskan O, Polat AA. 2012. Morphological diversity among fig g (Ficus carica L.) accessions sampled from the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36, 179-193

Aljane F, Ferchichi A, Boukhris M. 2008. Pomological characteristics of local fig (Ficus carica) cultivars in southern Tunisia. Acta Hortculturae 798, 123-128.

Anon. 2008. National guideline for the conduct of test for distinctness, uniformity and stability in Fig. Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute. 253/87/130.

Babazadeh Darjazi B. 2011. Morphological and pomological characteristics of fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars from Varamin, Iran. African Journal of Biotechnology 10 (82), 19096-19105

Berg CC. 2003. Flora malesiana precursor for the treatment of Moraceae 1: The main subdivision of Ficus: the subgenera. Blumea 48(1), 167–178.

Cantini C, Cimato A, Sani G. 1999. Morphological evaluation of olive germaplasm present in Tuscany region. Euphytica. 109, 173-181.

Chessa I. 1997. Fig. In: Mitra S, (ed.). Postharvest physiology and storage of tropical and subtropical fruits. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 245–268.

De Candolle A. 1886. Origin of cultivated plants (reprint of 2nd edition, 1967). Hafner Publishing, New York.

FAO. 2012. FAOSTAT-Agriculture. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Accessed April 14, 2012. http://faostat. fao. org.

Gaaliche B, Saddoud O, Mars M. 2012. Morphological and Pomological Diversity of Fig (Ficus carica L.) Cultivars in Northwest of Tunisia. International Scholarly Research Network. 1-9.

Giraldo E, Viruel MA, L´opez-Corrales M, Hormaza JI. 2005. Characterization and cross-species transferability of microsatellites in the common fig (Ficus carica L.). The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 80, 217–224.

Giraldo E, L´opez-Corrales M, Hormaza JI. 2008. Optimization of the management of an ex-situ germplasm bank in common fig with SSRs. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 133, 69–77.

Gozlekci S. 2010. Selection studies on fig (Ficus carica L.) in Antalya Province of Turkey. African Journal of Biotechnology 9(46), 7857-7862

Ikegami H, Nogata H, Hirashima, K, Awamura M, Nakahara T. 2009. Analysis of genetic diversity among European and Asian fig varieties (Ficus carica L.) using ISSR, RAPD, and SSR markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56, 201–209.

Kader A. 2001. Importance of fruits, nuts, and vegetables in human nutrition and health. Perishables Handling Qrtly. 106, 4–6.

Khadari B, Oukabli A, Ater M, Mamouni A, Roger JP, Kjellberg F. 2005. Molecular characterization of Moroccan fig germplasm using intersimple sequence repeat and simple sequence repeat markers to establish a reference collection. HortScience 40, 29–32.

Mahdavian M, Lessani H, Ebadi A, Fatah R. 2008. Morphological study of genetic variation among Iranian figs (Ficus carica L.) cultivars. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 80, 144 – 158.

Podgornik M, Vuk I, Vrhovnik I, Mavsar DB. 2010. A survey and morphological evaluation of fig (Ficus carica L.) genetic resources from Slovenia. Scientia Horticulturae. 125, 380–389.

Rodrigues MGF, Martins ABG, Desidério JA, Bertoni BW, Alves MC. 2012. Genetic characterization of fig tree mutants with molecular markers. Genetics and Molecular Research 11 (3), 1990-1996

Rout GR, Mohapatra A. 2008. Use of molecular markers in ornamental plants: A critical reappraisal. European Journal of Horticultural Science 71(2), 53-68.

Sabet Sarvestani J. 1998. Morphological and pomological characteristics of 10 fig cultivars grown in Istahban area, Iran. Master of Science Thesis. Tehran University.

Sadder MT, Ateyyeh AF. 2006. Molecular assessment of polymorphism among local Jordanian genotypes of the common fig (Ficus carica L.). Scientica Horticulture 107, 347-351.

Saddoud O, Baraket G, Chatti K, Trifi M, Marrakchi M, Salhi-Hannachi A, Mars M. 2008. Morphological variability of fig (Ficus carica L.) Cultivars. International Journal of Fruit Science 8, 35-51

Safaei H, Karami MM, Ghanavati F. 2008. Complementary Study of Major Characteristics of Edible Fig (Ficus carica L.) Genotypes of Fars Province. Seed and Plant Journal 23(1), 193-205.

Salhi-Hannachi A, Chatti K, Saddoud O, Mars M, Rhouma A, Marrakchi M, Trifi M. 2006. Genetic diversity of different Tunisian fig (Ficus carica L.) Collection revealed by RAPD fingerprints. Hereditas. 143, 15-22.

Shukitt-Hale B, Carey AN, Jenkins D, Rabin BM, Joseph JA. 2007. Beneficial effects of fruit extracts on neuronal function and behavior in a rodent model of accelerated aging. Neurobiol. Aging 28, 1187–1194.

Solomon A, Golubowicz S, Yablowicz Z, Grossman S, Bergma M, Gottlieb HE, Altman A, Kerem Z, Flaishman MA. 2006. Antioxidant activities and anthocyanin content of fresh fruits of common fig (Ficus carica L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54, 7717–7723.

Tous J, Ferguson L. 1996. Mediterranean fruits. In: J. Janick (eds), Progress in New Crops. Arlington: ASHS Press.

Wang L, Jiang W, Ma K, Ling Z, Wang Y. 2003. The Production and Research of Fig (Ficus carica L.) in China. Acta Horticulturae 605, 191-196.