Population dynamics and biological parameters of Aphis fabae Scopoli on five broad bean cultivars

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2016
Views (239) Download (6)

Population dynamics and biological parameters of Aphis fabae Scopoli on five broad bean cultivars

Fouad Meradsi, Malik Laamari
Int. J. Biosci.9( 1), 384-393, July 2016.
Certificate: IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Understanding how host-plant characteristics affect biological and demographic parameters of insect herbivores is of considerable importance in the development of resistant crop cultivar. Biological and life table parameters of the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli (Homoptera: Aphididae), were estimated on five broad bean, Vicia faba L. (Fabales: Fabaceae) cultivars (4, 11, 12, 13 and 14) at 17 ± 5°C, 70 ± 10% RH and a photoperiod of 14: 10 (L: D)h. The experiment was arranged in the randomized complete block design (RCBD) and there were eight replications (plants) for each treatment (cultivar). The nymphal rate mortality of A. fabae was significantly different among cultivars (P = 0.028; χ2 9.48 = 10.91). The cultivar 12 induced the highest mortality rate (26.83%), whereas the cultivar 4 caused the lowest mortality rate (4.65%). The results showed significant differences among the five cultivars for the following biological parameters: the adult size (F3.36 = 3.391; P = 0.049), the adult weight (F3.18 = 3.260; P = 0.047) and the total number of embryos (F3.48 = 5.513; P = 0.013). The poor performances of A. fabae were recorded on the cultivar 12 (2.54 mm2 of size, 0.87 mg of weight and only 20.33 embryos in mean) in comparison to other cultivars. The number of developed embryos and all demographic parameters of black bean aphid were not significantly different between the cultivars (P > 0.05). The partial correlation showed no relationship between all biological parameters tested except the total number of embryos and the number of developed embryos; there was a positive low correlation between the two parameters (r = 0.568; P = 0.03). The present study revealed that the resistant cultivar 12 have insecticidal power and a negative effect on the performances of A. fabae adults and could be used as an alternative to conventional synthetic insecticides in an integrated pest management program to A. fabae.


Annan IB, Tingey WM, Schaefers GA, Saxena KN. 1996. Reproductive performance and population dynamics of cowpea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) on leaf extracts of resistant and susceptible cowpeas. Journal of Chemical Ecology 22(7), 1345-1354.

Barre F, Milsant F, Palasse C, Prigent V, Goussard F, Géri C. 2002. Preference and performance of the sawfly Diprion pini on host and non-host plants of the genus Pinus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 102, 229-237.

Bernays EA, Chapman RF. 1994. Host-Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insects. New York: Chapman & Hall 312p.

Berryman AA. 1988. Towards a unified theory of plant defense. In: Mattson WJ, Levieux J, Bernard-Dagan C, Ed. Mechanisms of woody plant defenses against insects: Search for pattern. Verlag, New York: Springer 39-53.

Birch LC. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. Journal of Animal Ecology 17, 15-26.

Blackman RL, Eastop VF. 2007. Taxonomic issues. In: van Emden HF, Harrington R, Ed. Aphids as Crop Pests. UK: CABI Millennium 1-29.

Brough CN, Dixon AFG. 1989. Reproductive invest-ment and the inter-ovariole differences in embryo development and size in virginoparae of the vetch aphid, Megoura viciae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 52, 215-220.

Castro AM, Ramos S, Vasicek A, Worland A, Giménez D, Clúa AA, Suárez E. 2001. Identification of wheat chromosomes involved with different types of resistance against greenbug (Schizaphis graminum, Rond.) and the Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia, Mordvilko). Euphytica 118, 321-330.

Chambers RJ. 1979. Simulation modelling of a sycamore aphid population. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich UK.

Dixon AFG, Dharma TR. 1980. Numberdf ovarioles and fecundity in the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 28, 1-14.

Dixon AFG, Kundu R, Kindlmann P. 1993. Reproductive effort and maternal age in interoparous organisms. Functional Ecology 7, 267-272.

Dixon AFG, Wratten SD. 1971. Laboratory studies on aggregation, size and fecundity in the black bean aphid, Aphid fabae Scop. Bulletin of Entomological Research 61, 91-111.

Dixon AFG. 1976. Reproductive strategies of the alate morphs of the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi L. Journa of Animal Ecology 45, 817-830.

Dixon AFG. 1985. Aphid ecology. 1st Ed. Glasgow: Blackie.

Dixon AFG. 1987. Partenogenetic reproduction and the rate of increase in aphids. In: Minks AK, Harrewijn P, Ed. Word crop pests-aphids 2A. Amesterdam/New York: Elsevier 269-287.

Faccoli M. 2007. Breeding performance and longevity of Tomicus destruens on Mediterranean and continental pine species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123, 263-269. DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2007.00557.x

FAO. 2014. Statistical Division. Available on www.faostat.fao.org. (Consulted 27 July 2016).

Frel A, Gu H, Cardona C, Dorn S. 2003. Antixenosis and antibiosis of common beans to Thrips palmi. Journal of Economic Entomology 93, 1577-1584.

Goławska S, Łukasik L, Leszczyński B. 2008. Effect of alfalfa saponins and flavonoids on pea aphid. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 128, 147-153. DOI: 10. 1111/j.1570-7458.2008.00709.x

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical proce-dures for agricultural research. 4th Ed. New York: John Willy and Sons-Inco 680p.

Jiménez-Pérez A, Wang Q. 2004. Effect of Body Weight on Reproductive Performance in Cnephasia jactatana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 17 (4), 511-522.

Kersting U, Satar S. Uygun N. 1999. Effect of temperature on development rate and fecundity of apterous Aphis gossypii Glover (Hom., Aphididae) reared on Gosypium hirsutum L. Journal of Applied Entomology 123, 23-27.

Khelfa L. 2004. Study of the resistance of different varieties of broad bean against the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854 (Homoptera: Aphid-idae) in Biskra region. Master degree thesis in plant protection, University of Batna, Algeria, 134p (in French).

Kordan B, Gabryś B, Dancewicz K, Lahuta LB, Piotrowicz-Cieślak A, Rowińska E. 2008. European yellow lupine, Lupinus luteus, and narrow-leaf lupine, Lupinus angustifolius, as hosts for the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Entomologia Experim-entalis et Applicata 128, 139-146. DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2008.00702.x

Laamari M, Khelfa L, Coeur d’Acier A. 2008. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(14), 2486-2490.

Lachman J, Hamouz K, Orsak M, Pivec V. 2001. Potato glycoalkaloids and their significance in plant protection and human nutrition-review. Rostlinna Vyroba 47(4), 181-190.

Leather SR, Wellings PW. 1981. Ovariole number and fecundity in aphids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 30, 128-133.

Lebbal S. 2010. Contribution to the study of natural resistance of the broad bean, Vicia faba L. against the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Homoptera : Aphididae). Master degree thesis in Plant protection, University of Batna, Algeria, 66p (in French).

Llewellyn M, Brown VK. 1985. A general relationship between adult weight and the reproductive potential of aphids. Journal of Animal Ecology 54, 663-673.

Long BJ, Dunn GM, Bowman JS, Routley DG. 1977. Relationship of hydroxamic acid content in corn and resistance to the corn leaf aphid. Crop Science 17, 55-58.

Marohasy J. 1997. Acceptability and suitability of seven plant species for the mealybug Phenacoccus parvus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata  84, 239-246.

Mattson WJ. 1980. Herbivory in relation to plant nitrogen content. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 11, 119-161.

Meradsi F, Laamari M. 2016. Genetic resource of the resistance of Vicia faba L. against the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli. Journal of Agricultural Studies 4(2), 107-114. DOI: 10.5296/jas. v4i2.9333

Meradsi F. 2009. Contribution to the study of natural resistance of the broad bean, Vicia faba L. against the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763 (Homoptera: Aphididae). Master degree thesis in Plant protection, University of Batna, Algeria 83p (in French).

Mier U. 2001. Growth stages of mono-and dicotyl-edonous plants. BBCH Monograph, Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry. Germany 158p.

Mihale MJ, Deng AL, Selemani HO, Mugisha-Kamatenesi M, Kidukuli AW, Ogendo JO. 2009. Use of Indigenous knowledge in the management of field and storage pests around Lake Victoria basin in Tanzania. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 3(9), 251-259.

Newton C, Dixon AFG. 1990. Pattern of growth in weight of alate and apterous nymphs of the English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae. Entomologia Experim-entalis et Applicata 55, 231-238.

Norris DM. 1986. Anti-feeding compounds. In: Chemistry of Plant Protection I. Verlag, Berlin: Springer, 97-146.

Ogendo JO, Belmain SR, Deng AL, Walker DJ. 2003. Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain. Insect Science and its Application   23(2), 127-135.

Quénéhervé P, Valette C, Topart P, Tezenas du Montcel H, Salmon F. 2009. Nematode resistance in bananas: screening results on some wild and cultivated accessions of Musa spp. Euphytica 165, 123-136. DOI: 10.1007/s10681-008-9773.

Ruchika K, Kumar D. 2012. Occurrence and infes-tation level of sucking pests: Aphids on various host plants in agricultural fields of Vadora, Gujarat (India). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 2(7), 1-6.

Sauge MH, Kervella J, Pascal T. 1998. Settling behaviour and reproductive potential of the green peach aphid Myzus persicae on peach varieties and a related wild Prunus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 89, 233-242.

Smith CM. 1989. Plant resistance to insects: A fundamental approach. New York, Chichester, Brisbone, Toronto, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons 286p.

Smith CM. 2005. Plant resistance to arthropods: Molecular and conventional approaches. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 421p.

Southwood TRE. 1978. Ecological methods, with particular reference to the study of insect populations. New York: Chapman & Hall. 

SPSS IBM Statistics. 2015. SPSS for Windows, Version Chicago: Illinois.

Strebler G. 1989. Les médiateurs chimiques, leur incidence sur la bioécologie des animaux. Paris: Technique et documentation-Lavoisier 246p.

Taylor LR. 1975. Longevity, fecundity and size; control of reproductive potential in a polymorphic migrant, Aphis fabae Scop. Journal of Animal Ecology 44, 135-163.

Tolmay VL, van der Westhuizen MC, van Deventer CS. 1999. A six week screening method for mechanisms of host plant resistance to Diuraphis noxia in wheat accessions. Euphytica 107, 79-89.

Traicevski V, Ward SA. 2002. The effect of paste and current hosts on reproductive investment by the adulte cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora. Ecological Entomology 27, 601-607.

Wyatt IJ, White PF. 1977. Stmple estimation of intrinsic increase rates for aphids and tetranychid mites. Journal of Applied Ecology 14, 757-766.