Population stability of natural enemies arthopods in organic mustard planting that planted in organic and mineral lands

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2021
Views (264) Download (18)

Population stability of natural enemies arthopods in organic mustard planting that planted in organic and mineral lands

Ilhamiyah Ilhamiyah, Ana Zuraida, Yarna Hasiani, Akhmad Gazali
Int. J. Biosci.19( 2), 240-247, August 2021.
Certificate: IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


This study aims to compare the identification results of various types of natural enemy arthropods found in organic mustard grown on organic and mineral lands; analyzing the natural enemy arthropod community in terms of diversity, evenness, species richness and dominance in organic mustard planting that planted in organic and mineral lands; to analyze the comparative of the population stability of natural enemy arthropods in mustard planting that planted in organic and mineral lands. The research used the exploration method, namely by observing the organic mustard planting in organic and mineral lands. Then identification of the captured arthropods and natural enemy arthopod communities and analyzed the population stability of natural enemy arthropods in organic mustard that planted in organic and mineral lands. The results of this study are 1). The types of natural enemies found in organic mustard plants planted on organic land are more than in organic mustard plants grown on mineral lands. On organic land found 20 species of natural enemies, both predators and parasitoids, while on the mineral field, 17 species of natural enemies. 2). Diversity , evenness and species richness of natural enemy species were higher in mustard planted on organic land compared to mustard grown on mineral lands, while the dominance index of natural enemies in organic land is lower than in mineral lands. 3). The population stability of natural enemy arthropods was more stable in organic than on mineral lands.


Amanullah MM, Muthkrishnan P, Sekar S. 2010. Prospects and potential of poultry manure. Asian Journal Plant Sciences 9(4), 172-182.

Anbalaga V, Paulraj MG, Ignacimuthu S. 2015. Biodiversity of Insect in Organic and Chemical Vegetable Fields in Tiluvallur District, Tamil, Nadu, India. International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology. Vol 3(2), 122-129.

Cheng J. 1995. Arthropod Community Structures in Rice Ecosystem of China. Workshop on Suistainable Insect Pest Management in Tropical Rice. Desember 5-7 1995, Bogor, Indonesia

Fantke P, Friedrich R, Jolliet O. 2012. Health impact and damage cost assessment of Pesticides in Europe. Environ Int 49, 9-17.

FWI dan GFW. 2001. Portrait of Indonesian Forests Condition. Bogor, Indonesia: Forest Watch Indonesia dan Washington D.C. Global Forest Watch.

Henuhili V, Tien A. 2013. Conservation Of Natural Enemy As A Biological Control With Fishing Ecosystem Management. Jurnal Penelitian Saintek Vol 18(2), 29-40.

Kardinan A. 1999. Botanical Pesticides, Potions and Applications. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Kartikasari H, Heddy YBS, Wicaksono KP. 2015. Analysis of insect biodiversity in the forests of Malabar City as urban ecosystem services in Malang City during the transition season. Crop Production 3(8), 623-631.

Latoantja AS, Hasriyanti, Anshary A. 2013. Inventory of soil surface arthropods in the chili crop (Capsicum annum L.). e-J.Agrotekbis 1(5), 406-412.

Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF. 1988. Statistical Ecology. A Primer on Methods and Compling. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Croom Helm ltd. London.

Manueke J, Assa BH, Pelealu dan EA. 2017. Pests on Rice Paddy Plants (Oryza Sativa L.) In Makalonsow Village, East Tondano District, Minahasa Regency. Eugenia. Volume 23(3), 120-127.

Murdan, Sarjan M. 2009. The Potential of Organic Agriculture Systems in the Conservation of Natural Enemies (Predators and Parasitoids) Pests in Vegetable Crops Journal of Crop Agro. Vol 2 (1).

Odum EP. 1993. Ecology Basics. Translator Ir. Tjahjono Samingan, M.Sc. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Putri PMR. 2016. Study of Soil Insect Diversity at Various Levels of C-Organic Soil in Mango Plantation, Pohjentrek Village, Pasuruan City as a Source of Biology Learning. Essay. Biology Education Study Program, Mathematics and Natural Sciences Department, Teaching and Education Faculty, Muhamadiyah University Malang.

Sastrosiswojo S. 2002. Socio-Economic and Cultural Studies on Biopesticide Use in Indonesia. Paper at the Workshop on Biodiversity for Plant Protection, Yogyakarta, August 7, 2002.

Suana IW, Haryanto H. 2007. Diversity of Spiders in Monoculture and Polyculture Rice Field Ecosystems on Lombok Island. Journal of Biology FMIPA UNUD Denpasar 11(1).

Syakir M. 2011. Botanical pesticides research status. National Seminar on botanical Pesticides. Center for Plantation Research and Development, Bogor.

Whitmore TC. 1975. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. Clarendon Press. Oxford.

Whitten T, Damanik SJ, Anwar J, dan Hisyam N. 1997. The Ecology of Sumatra. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. Singapore.

Wiratno D, Taniwiryono, Hv Berg, Riksen JAG, Rietjens IMCM, Djiwanti R, Kammenga JE, Murk AJ. 2009. Nematicidal activity of plant extracts against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. The Open Natural Products J 2, 63-71.

Wiratno M, Rizal, dan Laba IW. 2011. Potential extracts of medicinal and aromatic plants to control golden snails. Buletin Littro 22(1), 54-64