Potential evapotranspiration of winter wheat in the conditions of south Serbia

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (244) Download (2)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Potential evapotranspiration of winter wheat in the conditions of south Serbia

Miroljub Aksić, Nebojša Gudžić, Nebojša Deletić, Slaviša Stojković, Slaviša Gudžić, Jasmina Knežević
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 1), 92-100, July 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Variable climatic conditions during vegetation in our country, where precipitation vary by amount and schedule, show a very great effect on winter wheat grain yield and quality. Establishing crop water requirements (ETc) is an initial foundation for reaching grain yield adequate to high genetic potential of modern cultivars. The trials were set at 198 m of altitude, 43o19′ N of latitude and 21o54′ E of longitude, in random complete block design (RCBD) with five replications. Trials included three irrigation variants with pre-irrigation soil moisture of 60%, 70% and 80% of FWC, as well as unirrigated control. Water used on evapotranspiration of winter wheat (289.5-410.7 mm) was measured by water balance method. Considering average for both investigated years, the highest grain yield of winter wheat was observed at the variant with pre-irrigation soil moisture 70% of FWC (7110 kg ha-1 and 7480 kg ha-1), so measured values of ET at this variant from 381.1 to 393.1 mm represented potential evapotranspiration (PET) of winter wheat in southern Serbia. Calculated requirements for water of winter wheat by CROPWAT model for the season 2009/10 was 409.9 mm, while in the season 2010/11 calculated water consumption amounted 432.6 mm of water. Efficient use of CROPWAT model for calculation of winter wheat water requirements is possible, if calibration of crop coefficients (Kc) for agroecological conditions of southern Serbia is previously carried out.

VIEWS 2

Allen RG, Pereira L, Raes S, Smith D. 1998. Crop evapotranspiration-guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO irrigation and drainage paper No. 56, FAO, Rome, 300 p.

Balwinder  S,  Eberbach  PL,  Humphreys  E, Kukal SS. 2011. The effect of rice straw mulch on evapotranspiration, transpiration, and soil evaporation on irrigated wheat in Punjab, India. Agricultural Water Management 98,1 847-1855.

Bošnjak Đ. 1999. Navodnjavanje poljoprivrednih useva. Poljoprivredni fakultet, Novi Sad, 181-186.

Cornish PS, Murray GM. 1989. Low rainfall rarely limits wheat yields in southern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 29, 77-83.

Dechmi F, Playan E, Faci JM, Tajero M, Bercero A. 2003. Analysis of an irrigation district in northeastern Spain: II. Irrigation evaluation, simulation and scheduling. Agricultural Water Management 61, 93-109.

Doorenbos J, Pruitt WO. 1977. Guideliness for Predicting Crop Water Requirement: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 24, FAO, Rome, 156 p.

Doorenbos J, Kassam AH. 1979. FAO irrigation and drainage paper No. 33 “Yield response to water”, FAO, Rome, 193 p.

Dragović S, Maksimović L. 2000. Navodnjavanje ozime pšenice u cilju realizacije genetskog potencijala na rodnost. Selekcija i semenarstvo 7, 9-15.

Fang Q, Ma L, Yu Q, Ahuja LR, Malone RW, Hoogenboom G. 2010. Irrigation strategies to improve the water use efficiency of wheat-maize double cropping systems in North China Plain. Agricultural Water Management 97, 1165-1174.

FAO 2009. CROPWAT 8.0, Land and Water Development Division, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. Online at http://www.fao.org/nr/water/infores_databases_cro pwat.html.

FAO 2013. Wheat. Online at http://www.fao.org/nr/water/cropinfo_wheat.html

French RJ, Schultz JE. 1984. Water use efficiency of wheat in a Mediterranean-typeenvironment. I. The relationship between yield, water use and climate. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 35, 743-764.

Gouranga K, Verma HN. 2005. Climatic water balance, probable rainfall, rice crop water requirements and cold period in India. Agricultural Water Management 72, 15-32.

Haijun L, Lipeng Y, Yu L, Xiangping W, Guanhua H. 2011. Responses of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) evapotranspiration and yield to sprinkler irrigation regimes. Agricultural Water Management 98, 483-492.

Hussain G, Al-Jaloud AA, Al-Shammary SF, Karimulla S. 1995. Effect of saline irrigation on the biomass yield and the protein, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium composition of alfalfa in a pot experiment. Journal Planting Nutrional 18, 2389– 2408.

Jaćimović G. 2012. Optimiranje mineralne ishrane pšenice u zavisnosti od vremenskih uslova godine. Doktorska disertacija, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, 40-45.

Kang S, Zhang L, Liang Y, Cai H. 2002. Effects of limited irrigation on yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat on the Loess Plateau of China. In: McVicar TR, Rui L, Walker J, Fitzpatrick RW, Changming L. (Eds.), Regional water and soil assessment for managing sustainable agriculture in China and Australia. (Monograph no. 84) Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, 105-116 p.

Li F, Zhao S, Geballe GT. 2000. Water use patterns and agronomic performance for some cropping systems with and without fallow crops in a semi-arid environment of northwest China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 79,129-142.

Liu K, Zhang YH, Wang ZM, Feng HY, Zhou SL, Lu LQ, Wang RZ. 2011. Characteristics of water consumption in water-saving winter wheat and effects on the utilization of subsequent summer rainfall in the North China Plain. International Journal of Plant Production 5, 167-180.

Luchiari AJR, Riha SJ, Gomide RL. 1997. Energy balance in irrigated wheat in the Cerrados Region of Central Brazil. Scientia Agricola. Piracicaba 54, 78-88.

Martyniak L, Dabrowska-Zielinska K, Szymczyk R. 2006. Validation of satellite-derived soil-vegetation indices for prognosis of spring cereals yield reduction under drought conditions—Case study from central-western Poland. Advances in Space Research 8, 1-6.

Musick JT, Jones OR, Stewart BA, Dusek DA. 1994. Water-yield relationships for irrigated and dryland wheat in the US Southern Plains. Agronomy Journal 86, 980-986.

Najafi P. 2007. Assessment of CropWat model accuracy for estimating potential evapotranspiration in arid and semi-arid region of Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 10, 2665-2669.

Ramezani EH, Nazari B, Tavakoli AR, Parsinezhad M. 2009. Evaluation of CROPWAT model in deficit irrigation management of wheat and barley in Karaj. Journal of Water and Soil 23, 119-129.

Republic Hydrometeorological Servis of Serbia. 2014. Meteorološki godišnjaci – klimatološki podaci. Online at http://www.hidmet.gov.rs

Shao M, Huang M, Zhang L, Li Y. 2002. Simulation of field-scale water balance on the Loess Plateau using the WAVES model. In: McVicar TR, Rui L, Walker J, Fitzpatrick RW, Changming L. (Eds.), Regional water and soil assessment for managing sustainable agriculture in China and Australia. (Monograph 84) Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, 48-56.

Smith M. 1992. CROPWAT, A computer program for irrigation planning and management. In: FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 46. Rome, 65 p.

Smith M, Kivumbi D, Heng LK. 2002. Use of the FAO CROPWAT model in deficit irrigation studies. Deficit irrigation practices, FAO, Rome, 17-29.

Steiner JL, Smith RG, Meyer WS, Adeney JA. 1985. Water use, foliage temperature and yield of irrigated wheat in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 36, 1-11.

Sun HY, Liu CM, Zhang XY, Shen YJ, Zhang YQ. 2006. Effects of irrigation on water balance, yield and WUE of winter wheat in the north China plain. Agricultural Water Management 85, 211-218.

Sun HY, Shen YJ, Yu Q, Flerchinger GN, Zhang YQ, Liu CM, Zhang XY. 2010. Effect of precipitation change on water balance and WUE of the winter wheat-summer maize rotation in the North China Plain. Agricultural Water Management 97, 1139-1145.

Vučić N. 1976. Navodnjavanje poljoprivrednih kultura. Poljoprivredni fakultet, Novi Sad, 223-232.

Xiying  Z,  Suying  C,  Hongyong  S,  Liwei  S, Yanzhe  W.  2011.  Changes  in  evapotranspiration over irrigated winter wheat and maize in North China Plain over three decades. Agricultural Water Management 98, 1097-1104.

Zhang X, Chen S, Liu M, Pei D, Sun H. 2005. Improved water use efficiency associated with cultivars and agronomic management in the north China plain. Agronomy Journal 97, 783-790.

Zhu Z, Stewart BA, Fu X. 1994. Double cropping wheat and corn in a sub-humid region of China. Field Crops Research 36, 175-183.