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Research Paper | July 1, 2021

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Predominance of customary risk factors in myocardial infarction patients of different age groups at tertiary health care hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Wajeeha Hameed, Nadeem Sheikh, Irfana Liaqat, Syed Shahid Imran Bukhari

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Int. J. Biosci.19(1), 169-179, July 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.1.169-179


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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors are growing problem in developing countries. CVD are the main cause of death in most countries and there is global increase during last two decades. This study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between major risk factors of myocardial infarction (MI) and subjects of different age groups GI (31-40 years), GII (41-50 years), GIII (51-60 years), GIV (61-70 years), GV (71-80 years) admitted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore, Pakistan. Data were collected from MI subjects by using a demographic questionnaire from 2019-2020 and epidemiological patterns were analyzed. From data analysis, various age groups of MI subjects showed association with risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, smoking, family history and life style. Overall association between age and risk factors was 20%. In case of Diabetes as risk factor, subjects of G IV showed maximum odd ratio > 1 i.e. 1.25, while in hypertension GV showed odd ratio is > 1 i.e. 1.37. Other risk factors like smoking, family history and life style of GIII had odd ratio > 1, i.e. 1.85, 1.4 and 1.30 respectively. This study concluded that among the MI subjects irrespective of gender major risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, smoking, family history and life style is correlated to different age groups. Thus control over these risk factors can play a vital role for the prevention of myocardial infarction. The increasing prevalence and that of major risk factors, especially the increase in prevalence of MI in under developed districts of Punjab Pakistan, there is need for urgent policy and health system to control and response appropriate for the situation.


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Predominance of customary risk factors in myocardial infarction patients of different age groups at tertiary health care hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

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