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Prevalence and control practices of gastrointestinal helminths of camel in district tharparkar, sindh Pakistan

Shah Fahad, Mohammad Bachal Bhutto, Abrar Ahmad, Amjad Hussain Mirani, Abdullah Arijo, Mohammad Qasim

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Int. J. Biosci.11(5), 1-10, November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.5.1-10

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Abstract

The present study was conducted for Prevalence and control practices of GIT helminths of camels. Internal parasites causes economic losses in terms of productivity. The study was carried in District Tharparkartaluka wise. Results revealed an overall prevalence of 23.33%, and 30.00%, 23.33%, 13.33% and 26.66% in Diplo, Chachro, Mithi and Nagarparkar respectively Differentcontrol practices for GIT helminths were also recorded. Sex-wise prevalence was higher for females (25.00%) and lower in males (21.66%). Body status wise showed 31.42% (Weak), 21.53% (Fair) and 15.00% (Fatty). Among 28 infected camel 17 (60.71) had medium EPG (501-1500), 8 (28.58) had lower EPG (<500) and 3 (10.71) had highest EPG (>1500). Among the infected camels, Genus wise frequency was higher forHaemonchus (39.28%) and lowest for Ostertagia(14.28%).Farming wise prevalence was recorded highest for Group F comprising mixed species of livestock reared with camel (80%), whereas the lowest value was for Group A comprised the camels reared as only specie (12%). Among sources, self-treatment was (44.44%), followed by visit to wise man (18.88%), visit to veterinary hospitals (11.11).Among the Ethno-veterinary practices the higher frequency was recorded for Brassica campestris (25.56%), Fesula assafoetida, (20.00%),Azardirachta indica (12.23%), Citrullus colocynthis (7.77%) and Salt (4.44%), whereas allopathic was recorded to be (30.00%). 27 owners respondedfor different allopathic anthelmintics.The most frequently usedwas Nilzan plus (9) and Nilverm (7), whereas the lowest was Ivermectin (3).It was concluded that the highest rate of infection was in Diplo taluka and the lowest was in Mithi. Females were more susceptible to GIT helminths as compared to males.

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Prevalence and control practices of gastrointestinal helminths of camel in district tharparkar, sindh Pakistan

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