Prevalence and Risk Factor of Intestinal Helminthiasis and Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis) Co-Infections in Idumuje-Unor Community, Delta State, Nigeria

Paper Details

Research Paper 03/08/2023
Views (481) Download (51)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Prevalence and Risk Factor of Intestinal Helminthiasis and Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis) Co-Infections in Idumuje-Unor Community, Delta State, Nigeria

Orhewere D.A. Regina, O.P.G. Nmorsi, Ede E. Lemy
Int. J. Biosci.23( 2), 38-46, August 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence and risk factors for intestinal helminthiasis and lymphatic filariasis co-infection in Idumuje-Unor, a rural community in Delta State. Sedimentation and formalin ethyl acetate concentration was carried out for the determination of helminth eggs in the stool samples. The Filarial Test Strip (AlereTM) and rapid diagnosis test were used to confirm positivity for lymphatic filariasis. DNA extraction and PCR amplification of Wuchereria bancrofti () genes was carried out. The study showed that out of the 231 samples examined, 149(64.5%) were positive for at least one parasitic infection. From the 149 positive cases, 5(3.4%) co-infection of intestinal helminthes and lymphatic filariasis was observed. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent (60.4%). Sex based prevalence recorded 23(15.4%) cases in male and 67(45.0%) cases in female for A. lumbricoides (P > 0.05) in the study area. T. trichuira was also significantly higher (P > 0.05) in female compared to male. Multiple infections were recorded for both male and females for A. lumbricoides and T. trichuira respectively. Female recorded higher prevalence of 3(60%) followed by male with 2(40%) for lymphatic filariasis based on sex. Prevalence was higher in age group 16 – 25 (60%). Risk Factors related to these parasitic infections in the study area showed that individuals whose water source is the hand dug well have a higher prevalence 95(63.8%) than those who use water from borehole 54 (36.2%). Risk factors for lymphatic filariasis showed that participants living around stagnant water had the highest prevalence of 3(60.00%). These data documented the baseline information on prevalence of intestinal helminthes and lymphatic filariasis co-infection in the study area.

VIEWS 77

Akpan PA, Abraham JT. 2011. Prevalence of Parasitic Infections among Students in a Large Rural Community Secondary School in Esssien Udim L. G. A. of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. African Research Review 5(1), 468-474.

Al-Delaimy AK, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Nashiry M. 2014. Epidemiology of intestinal polyparasitism among Orang Asli school children in rural Malaysia. Neglected Tropical Disease 8(8), 3074.

Anosike JC, Nwoke BEB, Ajayi E, Onwuliri COE, Okoro OU, Oku EE. 2005. Lymphatic filariasis among Ezza people of Ebonyi state, eastern Nigeria. Annual Agriculture and Environmental Medicine 12, 181.

Babatunde SK, Salami AK, Fabiyi JP, Agbede OO, Desalu OO. 2010. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infestation in HIV Seropositive and Seronegative Patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. Annals of African Medicine 9, 123-128.

Cheesbrough M. 2005. District laboratory practice in tropical countries. pt 1. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 454 p.

Egwunyenga OA, Ataikiru DP. 2005. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis among school age children in Ethiope East Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 4, 938-941.

Ejima IAA, Ajogun RT. 2011. The prevalence and health implications of the OVA of human intestinal helminth parasites isolated from faeces collected near students’ hostels, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Medicine 6, 15-8.

Federal Ministry of Health. 2015. Nigeria master plan for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) 2015-2020 19, 48.

Hussaini A, Isaac C, Rahimat H, Inegbenosun C, Obasuyi C, Solomon E. 2020. The burden of Bancroftian filariasis in Nigeria: a review. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 30(2), 301-310.

Ito EE, Egwunyenga AO. 2017. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Aviara Community: an observation from primary school children in Nigeria. International Medical Journal 24, 205-208.

Lemy EE, Egwunyenga AO. 2017. Prevalence of Parasitic Helminthes from Feacal Samples of Cattle at various Abattoirs in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science 1(3), 107.

Mbah OO, Njoku BEB. 2000. Prevalence of lymphatic filariasis in Oraeri, Aguata local government area of Anambra state, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Parasitology 21, 95-102.

Nmorsi OPG, Isaac C, Aashikpelokhai IS, Ukwandu NCD. 2009. Geohelminthiasis among Nigerian Pre-School Age Children. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Resources 44, 399-411.

Okonofua C, Morenikeji O, Salawu O. 2014. Lymphatic filariasis and associated morbidities in rural communities of Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease 12, 95-101.

Okonofua C, Akinsanya B, Idowu ET, Otubanjo AO. 2021. Parasitological and epidemiological studies of Wuchereria bancrofti in Imobi, Ijebu East, Local Government Area of Ogun State, South Western Nigeria. The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 82, 49.

Oluwabiyi B, Oyetunde TO, Adetayo O, Nofisat O. 2016. Lymphatic Filariasis in Southwestern Nigerian Rural Communities: A Cross-sectional Survey of the Knowledge, Awareness, and Predisposing Factors. Annals of Global Health 82(5), 806-812.

Samaila A, Yarma A, Oshomoh E. 2016. Prevalence of intestinal helmnth infections among two selected public primary schools in Bauchi metropolis. Journal of Medical and Biological Science Research 2(4), 82-86.

Sam-Wobo SO, Asiwaju R, Idowu OA, Eromosele CO, Adeleke MA. 2012. Communal evaluation of intestinal helminths in some Guineaworm-controlled communities in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Entomology and Nematology 4(2), 7-11.

Tefera E, Mohammed J, Mitiku H. 2015. Intestinal helminthic infections among elementary students of Babile town, eastern Ethiopia. Pan Africa Medical Journal 20, 50.

Ugbomoiko US, Onajole AT, Edunogbola LD. 2006. Prevalence and intensity of geohelminths infection in Oba Ile community of Osun State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Parasitology 27, 62-67.

World Health Organization. 2016. Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections. Factsheet updated February 2016. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs366/en/

World Health Organization. 2018. Retrieved 19 December, 2019, from http://www.who.int/lymphatic_filariasis/resources/who_wer9344/en/