Prevalence and risk factors associated with Nematode and Eimeria infection under smallholder dairy farming in North East Tanzania

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Research Paper 18/02/2024
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Prevalence and risk factors associated with Nematode and Eimeria infection under smallholder dairy farming in North East Tanzania

Damian Kilyenyi, Robinson Mdegela, Lughano Kusiluka, Gabriel Shirima
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.24( 2), 13-21, February 2024.
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Abstract

A cross-sectional survey was carried out from October, 2016 to May 2017 to determine and describe the prevalence, intensity of gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) and Eimeria infection and associated risk factors under smallholder dairy farms in North East Tanzania. In this study a total of 384 dairy cattle were included to detect whether they are harboring GIN and Eimeria oocytes. Fecal samples were collected and coprological examinations were done by using standard flotation technique and the overall prevalence was 50.8% (n=195) and the prevalence was significantly associated with Age, Sex, deworming, body condition score and routine of dung removal at p<0.05. The major nematodes genera identified in this study were Haemonchus sp. (33.49%), Trichostrongylus sp. (20.93%), Oesophagostomum sp. (17.21%), Cooperia sp. (14.88%) and Bunostomum sp. (13.49%). Questionnaires were administered to collect individual animal and management data. In conclusion, nematodes were common in the gastrointestinal track, therefore, prevention of dairy cattle from these nematode infection using strategic deworming and an improved feeding and management of cattle should be endeavored. Further detailed epidemiological study should be needed and identification of the nematode species should also be recommended.

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