Prevalence, factors and complication of Diabetes in an underdeveloped Region of Khyber Pukhtun Khawa: A cross-sectional study

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Research Paper 03/12/2023
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Prevalence, factors and complication of Diabetes in an underdeveloped Region of Khyber Pukhtun Khawa: A cross-sectional study

Fazal Shan, Sajid Ali, Imad Ud Din, Majid Ullah, Hamza Ali, Hammad Rashid, Hassan Khan, Rafi Ullah, Arbaz Khan, Muhammad Khalid Khan, Imad Khan
Int. J. Biomol. & Biomed.17( 3), 1-6, December 2023.
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Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of diabetes in an underdeveloped region. The study was conducted over a four-month period, involving 409 participants from a specific region in Pakistan. Data on demographic characteristics, clinical variables, and risk factors were collected using questionnaires and laboratory tests. Statistical analysis was performed to determine prevalence rates and assess associations between variables. The study revealed a high prevalence of diabetes, with 22.49% of the participants diagnosed as hyperglycemic. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be higher in males compared to females. Risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, and positive family history were significantly associated with diabetes. Various diabetes-related complications, including retinopathy, gestational diabetes mellitus, periodontal disease, diabetic nephropathy, and heart disease, were identified among the participants. This study highlights the alarming burden of diabetes in the studied underdeveloped region. The higher prevalence of diabetes in males, the association with risk factors, and the presence of diabetes-related complications underscore the need for urgent public health awareness campaigns. Early diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures are crucial to mitigate the increasing prevalence of diabetes. Further research and interventions are required to effectively manage and reduce the burden of diabetes in underdeveloped regions.

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