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Prevalence, occurrence and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in District Swat, Pakistan and its management through host resistance

Research Paper | August 1, 2020

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Aftab Ali Khan, Abdul Rafi, Asma Akbar, Zahoor Ahmad, Azra Nadeem

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 2), 130-143, August 2020


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Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria the causal organism of bacterial spot in tomato results in heavy losses both in the form of quality and. In this study a survey was carried out to report the incidence of bacterial spot disease of tomato in district Swat. We reported maximum disease incidence in tehsil Kabal (71.66%), followed by Charbagh (61.66%) and Barikot (58.33%). For resistant screening a total of 13 tomato germplasms were screened against the disease. The foliar severity ranged from 3.33% to 73.33%, while severity for fruits was ranged from 18.33% to 30.66%. In case of phenotypic data the highest numbers of fruits obtained were 34, plant height 79.5cm and fruit weight was 470 grams/ten tomatoes. While the lowest average numbers of fruits were 6.67, plant height 45.7cm and fruit weight recorded was 215.67 grams/ten tomatoes. Line 1288 showed highest level of resistance followed by Red-stone. However, line 9708 showed highest susceptibility when exposed to artificial inoculation. Our study showed that bacterial spot is a major issue in some part of Pakistan and germplasm screening are linked to increased host resistance and could offer an important contribution to future integrated bacterial spot management programs.


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Prevalence, occurrence and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in District Swat, Pakistan and its management through host resistance

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