Prevalence of anemia in primary and middle schools of Tehsil Dargai District Malakand Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2019
Views (280) Download (11)

Prevalence of anemia in primary and middle schools of Tehsil Dargai District Malakand Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

Tahir Khan, Feroz Khan, Hameed Ur Rehman, Safiullah Khan Achakzai, Wahid Shah, Aisha Noreen, Syed Sikandar Habib, Noor Ahmed Bangulzai, Abdul Ghaffar, Muhammad Luqman Khan Bazai, Muhammad Zubair
Int. J. Biosci.14( 4), 64-68, April 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Anemia is a global health problem and extremely dominant in developing countries. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the incidence of anemia in school aged children. In the present study, 100 blood samples were collected from school going children, among these 22 (22 %) children were anemic and 78 (78 %) were normal. The 05 anemic children were recorded from Govt primary school Koper and 15 children were documented normal. The Govt primary school Qadar Kali has 04 anemic children, while 15 were documented normal. Total of 06 anemic and 14 children were recorded from Govt primary school Hijab Kali. Similarly out of 20 children were documented from Standard education Wazir Abad, among these 03 children were anemic. From the Sina public school Stanadaro Kali total of 10 children were recorded, among these 02 children were anemic and 08 were normal. Similarly total of 10 children were documented from Malakand children academy Koper, among these 02 children were anemic, while 08 were normal. The anemia cause different complications like affect the heart or lungs, such as an abnormally fast heartbeat or heart failure.


Clayton PT. 2006. B6-Responsive Disorders: A Model of Vitamin Dependency. Journal Inheritance Metabolism Diseases 29, 317-326.

UNICEF, UNU, WHO. 2001. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Assessment, Prevention and Control. A Guide for Programmed Managers. IDA Consultation, World Health Organization.

Ethiop CO. 1993. Annual Nutrition Workshop Series, Vol. III. Functional significance of iron deficiency. Nashville, TN, Meharry Medical College,

Chitra NN, Jesni K, Jose J, Begam N, Ali B, 2014.Study on Prevalence of Anemia among School Children in a Rural Community, Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy 3(6), 2347-9531.

Molla A, Khaurshed M, Molla AM. 1992. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Children of the Urban Slums of Karachi. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association42, 118-121.

Thaver H, Baig L. 1994.Anemia in Children, Can Simple Observation by Primary Care Provider Help in Diagnosis? Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 44, 282-284.

World Health Organization (WHO). 2001. 55th World Health Assembly. Agenda Item 13.10: Infant World Health Organization. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Assessment, Prevention, and Control.A Guide for Programmed Managers, WHO/UNICEF/UNU, Geneva.

Looker AC, Dallman PR, Carrol MD, Gunter EW, Johnson CL. 1997. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency in the United States. JAMA 277, 973-976.

Christofides A, Schauer C, Zlotkin SH. 2005.Iron Deficiency Anemia in among Children: Addressing a Global Public Health Problem within a Canadian Context. Pediatrics and Child Health 10, 597-601.

Ullah I,  Zahid M, Sthanadar AA, Sthanadar AI,  Ali AP, Mudassirshah, Khan IM, Kaleem M, Aslam M, Khayyam1, Rehman UA, Ullah W. 2014. Iron Deficiency Anemia in School Age Children in District Karak Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. Open Journal of Blood Diseases 4, 9-15.

Stoltzfus RJ. 2003. Iron Deficiency: Global Prevalence and Consequences. Food and Nutrition Bulletin24, S99-S103.

Verma M, Chhatwal J, Kaur G. 1998.Prevalence of Anemia among Urban School Children of Panjab. Indian Pediatrics 35, 1181-1185.

Jain N, Jain VM. 2012. Prevalence of Anemia in School Children. Academic Journals 3, 1-4.

Ramzan M, Ali I, Salam A. 2009. Iron Deficiency Anemia in School Children of Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 8, 259-263.

Zimmermann MB, Zeder C, Chaouki N, Saad A, Torresani T, Hurrell RF. 2003. Dual Fortification of Salt with Iodine and Microencapsulated Iron: A Randomized, Double Blind, Controlled Trial in Moroccan School Children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 77, 425-432.